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Godfather of Peter the Great

Gordon was brought up and remained a lifelong Roman Catholic, at a time when the Church was being persecuted in Scotland. At age of fifteen, he entered the Jesuit college at Braunsberg, East Prussia, then part of Poland. In 1661, after many years experiences as a soldier of fortune, he joined the Russian army under Tsar Aleksei I, and in 1665 was sent on a special mission to England. After his return, he distinguished himself in several wars against the Turks and Tatars in southern Russia. In recognition of his service he was promoted to major-general in 1678, was appointed to the high command at Kiev in 1679, and in 1683 was made lieutenant-general.

In 1687 and 1689 he took part in expeditions against the Tatars in the Crimea, being made a full general. Later in 1689, a revolution broke out in Moscow, and with the troops under his command, Gordon virtually decided events in favor of Peter the Great against the Regent, Tsarevna Sophia Alekseyevna. Consequently, he was for the remainder of his life in high favor with the Tsar, who confided to him the command of his capital during his absence from Russia. In 1696, Gordon's design of a "moveable rampart" played a key role in helping the Russians take Azov.

One of Gordon's convinced the Tsars to establish the first Roman Catholic church and school in Muscovy, of which he remained the main benefactor and headed the Catholic community in Russia until his death. For his services his second son James, brigadier of the Russian army, was created Count of the Holy Roman Empire in 1701.

At the end of his life the Tsar, who had visited Gordon frequently during his illness, was with him when he died, and with his own hands closed his eyes.

General Gordon left behind him a uniquely detailed diary of his life and times, written in English. This is preserved in manuscript in the Russian State Military Archive in Moscow. Passages from the Diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries (1635–1699) was printed, under the editorship of Joseph Robertson, for the Spalding Club, at Aberdeen, Scotland, 1859.
Portrait of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries
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The Spalding Club, Aberdeen, Scotland

The Spalding Club, Aberdeen, Scotland

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699"

University of California label

University of California label

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699"

DIARY OF GENERAL PATRICK GORDON

DIARY OF GENERAL PATRICK GORDON

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699"

PASSAGES   FROM   THE DIARY   OF   GENERAL PATRICK GORDON   OF AUCHLEUCHEIES.   A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699.   ABERDEEN :  PRINTED FOR THE SPALDING CLUB.  MDCCCLIX.

PASSAGES FROM THE DIARY OF GENERAL PATRICK GORDON OF AUCHLEU...

PASSAGES FROM THE DIARY OF GENERAL PATRICK GORDON OF AUCHLEUCHEIES. A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699. ABERDEEN : PRINTED FOR THE SPALDING CLUB. MDCCCLIX.

PRESENTED     TO     THE SPALDING CLUB     BERIAH BOTFIELD     NORTON HALL.

PRESENTED TO THE SPALDING CLUB BERIAH BOTFIELD NORTON ...

PRESENTED TO THE SPALDING CLUB BERIAH BOTFIELD NORTON HALL.

CORRECTIONS.     Page 21. line 21. for ' monastery' read ' College'   „ 25. line 23. /or ' n' ~- read ' iu'   „ 27. note. col. 2. /i'nc 9. for ' regimini scolonello' read ' rcgiminis colonello'   „ 30. linen, for ^Grundenz' ^^read ' Gmudenz'   „ 57. KnelS. ./or 'Alexander' rearf ' George'   „ 184. line 5. /or ' rcsoh'cd' ^,^^,^^.^^read ' resolved'

CORRECTIONS. Page 21. line 21. for ' monastery' read ' College' ...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" CORRECTIONS. Page 21. line 21. for ' monastery' read ' College' „ 25. line 23. /or ' n' ~- read ' iu' „ 27. not... more

CORRECTIONS.     Page 21. line 21. for ' monastery' read ' College'   „ 25. line 23. /or ' n' ~- read ' iu'   „ 27. note. col. 2. /i'nc 9. for ' regimini scolonello' read ' rcgiminis colonello'   „ 30. linen, for ^Grundenz' ^^read ' Gmudenz'   „ 57. KnelS. ./or 'Alexander' rearf ' George'   „ 184. line 5. /or ' rcsoh'cd' ^,^^,^^.^^read ' resolved'

CORRECTIONS. Page 21. line 21. for ' monastery' read ' College' ...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" CORRECTIONS. Page 21. line 21. for ' monastery' read ' College' „ 25. line 23. /or ' n' ~- read ' iu' „ 27. not... more

TABLE OF CONTENTS.   Tee Officebeareks of the Club,, vi   Portrait of General Patrick Gordon   The Editor's Preface, , ix   The Contents, xxvii   Passages from the Diary of General Patrick Gordon, 1   Appendix, I95   Index of Names of Persons, 221   Index of Names of Places, 234

TABLE OF CONTENTS. Tee Officebeareks of the Club,, vi Portrait of ...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" TABLE OF CONTENTS. Tee Officebeareks of the Club,, vi Portrait of General Patrick Gordon The Editor's Preface, , ... more

M.DCCC.LIX.   HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE PRINCE CONSORT.   THE EARL OF ABERDEEN, K.G., K.T.   THE DUKE OF RICHMOND, K.G.  THE DUKE OF SUTHERLAND, K.G.  THE EARL OF KINTORE.  THE EARL OF SEAFIELD.  THE LORD SALTOUN.

M.DCCC.LIX. HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE PRINCE CONSORT. THE EARL OF ABE...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" The Spalding Club M.DCCC.LIX. HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE PRINCE CONSORT. THE EARL OF ABERDEEN, K.G., K.T. THE DUKE O... more

viii OFFICEBEAEEHS OF THE CLUB

viii OFFICEBEAEEHS OF THE CLUB

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" viii OFFICEBEAEEHS OF THE CLUB. The Earl of Erroll. The Lord Forbes. Colonel Jonathan Forbes. James Giles, R.S.... more

Portrait of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries

Portrait of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699"

PREFACE. The soldier of fortune, whose memoirs are now introduced to the  Spalding Club

PREFACE. The soldier of fortune, whose memoirs are now introduced to t...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" PREFACE. The soldier of fortune, whose memoirs are now introduced to the Spalding Club, had been but a short while ... more

beffun by Count Ostermann, but abandoned, as it would seem, under

beffun by Count Ostermann, but abandoned, as it would seem, under

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" X PREFACE. beffun by Count Ostermann, but abandoned, as it would seem, under the burden of state aflfairs which grad... more

PREFACE. xi   of Lord Byron in a rhyming letter to his London bookseller,  written from Venice in the summer of 1818.

PREFACE. xi of Lord Byron in a rhyming letter to his London booksell...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" PREFACE. xi of Lord Byron in a rhyming letter to his London bookseller, written from Venice in the summer of 1818. '... more

Ellesmere, and it was published in the avowed hope that it might  ' induce one of the Scotch clubs

Ellesmere, and it was published in the avowed hope that it might ' in...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" xil PREFACE. Ellesmere, and it was published in the avowed hope that it might ' induce one of the Scotch clubs, or t... more

PREFACE. xiii   King Charles Gustavus of Sweden was mustering for the invasion  of Poland.

PREFACE. xiii King Charles Gustavus of Sweden was mustering for the ...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" PREFACE. xiii King Charles Gustavus of Sweden was mustering for the invasion of Poland. The next,^ a single leaf f... more

xiv PREFACE.   himself sharing the privileges of nobility,'^ can lament the weariness  of a court life,^^ tell of the large measure of favour and familiarity  which he enjoys with the Czar,

xiv PREFACE. himself sharing the privileges of nobility,'^ can lamen...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" xiv PREFACE. himself sharing the privileges of nobility,'^ can lament the weariness of a court life,^^ tell of the l... more

Gordon prefaces his Journal with a short explanation of its  plan and purpose.

Gordon prefaces his Journal with a short explanation of its plan and ...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" REFACE. XV Gordon prefaces his Journal with a short explanation of its plan and purpose. But he forgets to tel... more

xvi PREFACE.   versation, at Hamburg, with Queen Christina of Sweden,

xvi PREFACE. versation, at Hamburg, with Queen Christina of Sweden,

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" xvi PREFACE. versation, at Hamburg, with Queen Christina of Sweden, we are informed that it histed thirty minutes, b... more

PREFACE. xvii   sixpence a-day ;^^ and that the northern nobles, from the Duke of  Gordon downwards

PREFACE. xvii sixpence a-day ;^^ and that the northern nobles, from ...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" PREFACE. xvii sixpence a-day ;^^ and that the northern nobles, from the Duke of Gordon downwards, dined daily in tav... more

xviii PREFACE.   wlien the news of the battle of the Boyne reached him at Moscow

xviii PREFACE. wlien the news of the battle of the Boyne reached him...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" xviii PREFACE. wlien the news of the battle of the Boyne reached him at Moscow, ' I am sorry from my heart that his ... more

PREFACE.     XIX     in the Roman Catholic faith) he could claim kindred with the noble  house of Deskford and Findlater

PREFACE. XIX in the Roman Catholic faith) he could claim kindr...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" PREFACE. XIX in the Roman Catholic faith) he could claim kindred with the noble house of Deskford and Findlate... more

XX     PREFACE.     family debts, that Patrick Gordon makes his first appearance.

XX PREFACE. family debts, that Patrick Gordon makes his first ...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" XX PREFACE. family debts, that Patrick Gordon makes his first appearance.^^ He was then a boy of fifteen, on t... more

PREFACE. xxi   grave, his grandson was a landless man, and another race of Gordons  dwelt in Auchleuchries

PREFACE. xxi grave, his grandson was a landless man, and another rac...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" PREFACE. xxi grave, his grandson was a landless man, and another race of Gordons dwelt in Auchleuchries.'"' Patric... more

xxii PREFACE.   James, the second son of General Patrick Gordon, was at the  Jesuit College at Memel in 1686

xxii PREFACE. James, the second son of General Patrick Gordon, was a...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" xxii PREFACE. James, the second son of General Patrick Gordon, was at the Jesuit College at Memel in 1686, when his ... more

PEEFACE. xxiil   The first nuptials of the second daughter of Patrick Iwanowitsch  were graced by the presence of the Czar Peter

PEEFACE. xxiil The first nuptials of the second daughter of Patrick ...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" PEEFACE. xxiil The first nuptials of the second daughter of Patrick Iwanowitsch were graced by the presence of the C... more

XXIV     PREFACE.     at Auchintoul in 1752, in his eighty-second year, having amused

XXIV PREFACE. at Auchintoul in 1752, in his eighty-second year...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" XXIV PREFACE. at Auchintoul in 1752, in his eighty-second year, having amused his old age by writing a * Histo... more

CONTENTS  OF THE  DIARY  GENERAL PATRICK GORDON.

CONTENTS OF THE DIARY GENERAL PATRICK GORDON.

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" CONTENTS OF THE DIARY GENERAL PATRICK GORDON.

CONTENTS.    Purpose and plan of the Diary 3   A.D. 1635.  The Author's birth and parentage

CONTENTS. Purpose and plan of the Diary 3 A.D. 1635. The Author'...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" CONTENTS. Purpose and plan of the Diary 3 A.D. 1635. The Author's birth and parentage 3 A.D. 1640-1644— aetat. ... more

xxviii CONTENTS.   The Swedish levies. Gordon engages to serve as a trooper in the company of his   countryman, Rittmaster Gardin

xxviii CONTENTS. The Swedish levies. Gordon engages to serve as a tr...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" xxviii CONTENTS. The Swedish levies. Gordon engages to serve as a trooper in the company of his countryman, Rittmas... more

CONTENTS.   XIX   Lieutenant Adam Gordon and other Scots

CONTENTS. XIX Lieutenant Adam Gordon and other Scots

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" CONTENTS. XIX Lieutenant Adam Gordon and other Scots 30 Gordon is promised a company of dragoons 31 A.D. 1660— ... more

XXX   CONTENTS.   A.D. 1663— aetat. 28.   His courtship and nuptials 54   The Earl of Carlisle lands at Archangel on an embassy to the Czar

XXX CONTENTS. A.D. 1663— aetat. 28. His courtship and nuptials 5...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" XXX CONTENTS. A.D. 1663— aetat. 28. His courtship and nuptials 54 The Earl of Carlisle lands at Archangel on an... more

CONTENTS. xxxi   Gordon dresses himself after * the new fashion,' and makes his farewell visits

CONTENTS. xxxi Gordon dresses himself after * the new fashion,' and ...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" CONTENTS. xxxi Gordon dresses himself after * the new fashion,' and makes his farewell visits 88 Prince Rupert. The... more

xxxii CONTENTS.   i   Departure from Moscow. Affair with the customs' officers at Novgorod

xxxii CONTENTS. i Departure from Moscow. Affair with the customs' ...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" xxxii CONTENTS. i Departure from Moscow. Affair with the customs' officers at Novgorod 110 Arrival at Eiga 113 ... more

CONTENTS. xxxlii   Dinner at Lord Perth's. Earls of Erroll, Airly, and Dunfermline. Dukes of Hamil-  ton and Quecnsberry. Srarquis of Athole

CONTENTS. xxxlii Dinner at Lord Perth's. Earls of Erroll, Airly, and...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" CONTENTS. xxxlii Dinner at Lord Perth's. Earls of Erroll, Airly, and Dunfermline. Dukes of Hamil- ton and Quecnsberr... more

xxxlv CONTENTS.   He is threatened with banishment to some remote part of the empire

xxxlv CONTENTS. He is threatened with banishment to some remote part...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" xxxlv CONTENTS. He is threatened with banishment to some remote part of the empire 159 He is ordered to be degraded... more

CONTENTS. XXXV   Letter to the Earl of Melfort 171   Memorial of Gordon's services in Bussia from 1661 to 1690

CONTENTS. XXXV Letter to the Earl of Melfort 171 Memorial of Gordo...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" CONTENTS. XXXV Letter to the Earl of Melfort 171 Memorial of Gordon's services in Bussia from 1661 to 1690 172 A.... more

XXXVl     CONTENTS.     The Czar returns to Moscow. His thanks to Gordon. Farther punishment of the   Strelitzes

XXXVl CONTENTS. The Czar returns to Moscow. His thanks to Gord...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" XXXVl CONTENTS. The Czar returns to Moscow. His thanks to Gordon. Farther punishment of the Strelitzes ^^^ ... more

DIARY OF  GENERAL PATRICK GORDON

DIARY OF GENERAL PATRICK GORDON

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" DIAEY OF GENERAL PATEICK GORDON

DIARY OF GENERAL PATRICK GORDON  I AM not ignorant that it is thought as hard a taske for any man

DIARY OF GENERAL PATRICK GORDON I AM not ignorant that it is thought ...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" DIARY OF GENERAL PATRICK GORDON I AM not ignorant that it is thought as hard a taske for any man to writt the story o... more

4 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1640-46 in Easter Achluichries, within the parisli of Crochdan and the shirefdome  of Aberdeen

4 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1640-46 in Easter Achluichries, within the...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 4 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1640-46 in Easter Achluichries, within the parisli of Crochdan and the shirefdome of Abe... more

1648-51] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 5   A.D. 1G48.  Wee were sent again to the school of Crowdan ; our schoolmaster Mr.  Alexander Frazcr,

1648-51] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 5 A.D. 1G48. Wee were sent again ...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1648-51] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 5 A.D. 1G48. Wee were sent again to the school of Crowdan ; our schoolmaster Mr. ... more

DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1651   ■wards nl<::lit, notwithstanding it was calme and misty, wee weighed anchor

DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1651 ■wards nl<::lit, notwithstanding it w...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" (^ DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1651 ■wards nl<::lit, notwithstanding it was calme and misty, wee weighed anchor, and, ... more

1651-53] DIARY OF TATRICK GORDON. 7   the citty, whltlicr wee arrived at iioone, and lodg-cd in a Scotsman's house

1651-53] DIARY OF TATRICK GORDON. 7 the citty, whltlicr wee arrived ...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1651-53] DIARY OF TATRICK GORDON. 7 the citty, whltlicr wee arrived at iioone, and lodg-cd in a Scotsman's house in ... more

8 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1653   Latlne in the Colledge, only had enquired and written downe some words

8 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1653 Latlne in the Colledge, only had en...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 8 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1653 Latlne in the Colledge, only had enquired and written downe some words necessary fo... more

1653] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 9   body should see me in such a plight. However, keeping" on my way

1653] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 9 body should see me in such a plight...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1653] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 9 body should see me in such a plight. However, keeping" on my way, I beg;an to recol... more

10 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1653   conceit that this fellow had brought me out of the way, and intended to

10 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1653 conceit that this fellow had broug...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 10 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1653 conceit that this fellow had brought me out of the way, and intended to lead me in... more

1653] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. U   me that he was to stay tliere

1653] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. U me that he was to stay tliere

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1653] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. U me that he was to stay tliere ; whereat I seemed sorry, but he enquh'cing, lighted ... more

12 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1653   to tell me, that it would be nyne or ten monetlis ere I should fynd

12 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1653 to tell me, that it would be nyne ...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 12 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1653 to tell me, that it would be nyne or ten monetlis ere I should fynd an occa- sion ... more

tymes fortify ed and garrisoned, to the g-rcat detriment of tlie adjacent  Countrey

tymes fortify ed and garrisoned, to the g-rcat detriment of tlie adjac...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1653] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 13 tymes fortify ed and garrisoned, to the g-rcat detriment of tlie adjacent Jountrey... more

14 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1653-5-t   continent. Below, towards the river, and all along the side of the hill,  towards Grandents

14 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1653-5-t continent. Below, towards the ...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 14 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1653-5-t continent. Below, towards the river, and all along the side of the hill, towar... more

1654] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 15   hoped to have found Duke Radzlvill

1654] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 15 hoped to have found Duke Radzlvill

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1654] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 15 hoped to have found Duke Radzlvill. After wee had stayed eight dayes, expecting hi... more

16 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1654   Posna or Posen, of all the cittles in Polland, is the most pleasan

16 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1654 Posna or Posen, of all the cittles...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 16 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1654 Posna or Posen, of all the cittles in Polland, is the most pleasant, being very we... more

1655] DIAEY OF PATRICK GORDON. 17   who was, according to the custome of the Polonian nobility

1655] DIAEY OF PATRICK GORDON. 17 who was, according to the custome ...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1655] DIAEY OF PATRICK GORDON. 17 who was, according to the custome of the Polonian nobility, f^oing- to visit forei... more

18 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1655   to me Gordon. He told me he was a ruitmaster, a very pretty discreet man

18 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1655 to me Gordon. He told me he was a ...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 18 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1655 to me Gordon. He told me he was a ruitmaster, a very pretty discreet man. In the t... more

1655] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 19   last night's engagement, I found myself in such a labirinth of perplexed  thoughts

1655] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 19 last night's engagement, I found m...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1655] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 19 last night's engagement, I found myself in such a labirinth of perplexed thoughts,... more

20 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1655   men with a gallant traine of artillery. It was a most delighttull

20 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1655 men with a gallant traine of artil...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 20 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1655 men with a gallant traine of artillery. It was a most delighttull and brave show, ... more

1655] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 21   and actions at home

1655] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 21 and actions at home

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1655] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 21 and actions at home), advanced money, for the which four regiments were levyed in ... more

22 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1656   route of a body of about 10,000 Poles

22 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1656 route of a body of about 10,000 Po...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 22 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1656 route of a body of about 10,000 Poles, who occupied certain heights from which they... more

1656] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 23   while, be neglected no opportunity of gaining experience in his profession,

1656] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 23 while, be neglected no opportunity...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1656] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 23 while, be neglected no opportunity of gaining experience in his profession, never f... more

24 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1656   in driving cattle was such

24 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1656 in driving cattle was such

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 24 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1656 in driving cattle was such, that Gordon's share of the booty in a short time amonnt... more

1657] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 25   A.D. 1657.   He was less fortunate on the next occasion. Some Polish peasants

1657] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 25 A.D. 1657. He was less fortunate...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1657] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 25 A.D. 1657. He was less fortunate on the next occasion. Some Polish peasants, in t... more

26 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1657   ferred to the King against Rittmeister Meldrum

26 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1657 ferred to the King against Rittmei...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 26 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1657 ferred to the King against Rittmeister Meldrum, that officer was maintaining his in... more

1657 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 27   left to support themselves by charity

1657 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 27 left to support themselves by chari...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1657 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 27 left to support themselves by charity. They were kindly treated by the Imperial offi... more

28 DIARY OF PATRICK G JRDON. [1658   A.D. 1658.   [The next passage of the Diary, bearing date in January or February 1658, must be given in  Gordon's own words.

28 DIARY OF PATRICK G JRDON. [1658 A.D. 1658. [The next passage of...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 28 DIARY OF PATRICK G JRDON. [1658 A.D. 1658. [The next passage of the Diary, bearing date in January or February 1... more

1659] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 29   some other officers, had quietly beheld the whole affair

1659] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 29 some other officers, had quietly b...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1659] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 29 some other officers, had quietly beheld the whole affair, rode up to him with a coc... more

DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1659    One of Gordon's first duties, in his second campaign with the Poles

DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1659 One of Gordon's first duties, in his...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1659 One of Gordon's first duties, in his second campaign with the Poles, was with a party... more

1660] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 31   take ship for Scotland. Ou his way back to the camp, he waited on the commandant of Pillau

1660] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 31 take ship for Scotland. Ou his way...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1660] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 31 take ship for Scotjand. Ou his way back to the camp, he waited on the commandant of... more

DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON.     [1661     Lord Henry Gordon,t then a colonel in the Polish army

DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661 Lord Henry Gordon,t then a colo...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661 Lord Henry Gordon,t then a colonel in the Polish army, but died of his wounds a ... more

1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON.     33     sence of the King

1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 33 sence of the King

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 33 sence of the King, the collours being cariyed bcfor, and throwne downe on th... more

34 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661   hired it ; the lodging or house belonging to that family

34 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661 hired it ; the lodging or house be...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 34 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661 hired it ; the lodging or house belonging to that family not being built since its... more

1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 35   pressing earuestnes, and haveing rejected or refused the conditions offered

1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 35 pressing earuestnes, and haveing r...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 35 pressing earuestnes, and haveing rejected or refused the conditions offered me in ... more

36 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661   I should have had by my officers, who must have furnished

36 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661 I should have had by my officers, ...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 36 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661 I should have had by my officers, who must have fm'nished so many horse- men accor... more

1661] DIARY OF PATEICK GOKDON. 37   sionibus quaecunque sub tempus servitiorum illius contra plurimos

1661] DIARY OF PATEICK GOKDON. 37 sionibus quaecunque sub tempus ser...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1661] DIARY OF PATEICK GOKDON. 37 sionibus quaecunque sub tempus servitiorum illius contra plurimos regni istius lio... more

38 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDOl^. [1661   such service againe ; with which the ambassadour was very much moved,

38 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDOl^. [1661 such service againe ; with which ...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 38 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDOl^. [1661 such service againe ; with which the ambassadour was very much moved, Steelhand a... more

1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 39   small stock I had ; as for the 1000 reichs dollers promised me

1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 39 small stock I had ; as for the 100...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 39 small stock I had ; as for the 1000 reichs dollers promised me, I might pos- sibly... more

40 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661   two letters by a trusty ffriend, one dated three dayes befor the tyme

40 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661 two letters by a trusty ffriend, o...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 40 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661 two letters by a trusty ffriend, one dated three dayes befor the tyme I had promis... more

1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 41   Captaine Fortes and Ensigne Martin

1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 41 Captaine Fortes and Ensigne Martin

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 41 Captaine Fortes and Ensigne Martin. Wee crossed the river Niemcn at Vilsk, where w... more

42   DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661   misfortune

42 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661 misfortune

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 42 DIARY OF PATEICK GORDON. [1661 raisfortuue I could not gett for any money horses to hire, and my owne be- ing w... more

1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 43   Wee rose early, and, towards eveniug, came to Kokenliausen

1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 43 Wee rose early, and, towards eveni...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 43 Wee rose early, and, towards eveniug, came to Kokenliausen, a towne and castle sit... more

44 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661   show, being environed with a stone wall, with many towers.

44 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661 show, being environed with a stone...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 44 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661 show, being environed with a stone wall, with many towers. Here are many churches ... more

1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 45   been one of the three greatest market cittyes of Europe

1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 45 been one of the three greatest mar...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 45 been one of the three greatest market cittyes of Europe, giveth name to a large du... more

46 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661   come into the field, wee found the Boyar there before us

46 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661 come into the field, wee found the...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 46 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661 come into the field, wee found the Boyar there before us, who ordered us to take u... more

1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 47   good earnest to consider how I might ridd myself of this countrey

1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 47 good earnest to consider how I mig...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 47 good earnest to consider how I might ridd myself of this countrey, so farr short o... more

48 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661   not to 20 to the prikase untill he should returne

48 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661 not to 20 to the prikase untill he...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 48 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661 not to 20 to the prikase untill he should returne, and then give up a petition or ... more

1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 49   quarters, and exercized these souldiers

1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 49 quarters, and exercized these soul...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 49 quarters, and exercized these souldiers twice a day in faire weather. I re- Septemb... more

50 DIARY OF PATKICK GORDON. [1661   pretending themselves affronted, began to convoy the writer with the Streltsees

50 DIARY OF PATKICK GORDON. [1661 pretending themselves affronted, b...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 50 DIAEY OF PATKICK GORDON. [1661 pretending themselves affronted, began to convoy the writer with the Strelt- sees ... more

1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 51   went the next day and complained to the Colonell

1661] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 51 went the next day and complained t...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1661] DIARY OF PATIUCK GORDON. 51 went the next day and complained to the Colonell, who promised to take inquisition... more

52 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661   The Boyar Elia Danielovits Miloslawskj

52 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661 The Boyar Elia Danielovits Milosla...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 52 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1661 The Boyar Elia Danielovits Miloslawskj mustered our regiment, and p-ave six hundre... more

1661-2] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 63   The Boyar, Ella Danielovitz Miloslawsky, mustered six hundred souldiers

1661-2] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 63 The Boyar, Ella Danielovitz Milo...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1661-2] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 63 The Boyar, Ella Danielovitz Miloslawsky, mustered six hundred soul- diers of our... more

54 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1662-3   of the other sex.

54 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1662-3 of the other sex.

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 54 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1662-3 of the other sex. But this also had its perils. He found himself so beset with th... more

1662-3] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 55   accept of him as a suitor. The answer was a blush, which satisfied Gordon

1662-3] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 55 accept of him as a suitor. The a...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1662-3] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 55 accept of him as a suitor. The answer was a blush, which satisfied Gordon that he... more

56 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1664   (wliich were sent me), twelve halberts or partisans

56 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1664 (wliich were sent me), twelve halb...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 56 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDOIS. [1664 (wliich were sent me), twelve halberts or partisans, with fringes of his livery, ... more

1665-6] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 57   it was not fitt that lie should make any advantage for himself

1665-6] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 57 it was not fitt that lie should ...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1665-6] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 57 it was not fitt that lie should make any advantage for himself, seing in his mas... more

58   DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1666   letter not haveing any character

58 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1666 letter not haveing any character

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 58 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1666 letter not haveing any character ; and that I should be look't upon as one In pu... more

1666] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 59   account, to banish the English

1666] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 59 account, to banish the English

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1666] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 59 account, to banish the English, and take away ther privileges. Yet, after- wards, ... more

60 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1666   that it was doubted here whither any intercourse or correspondence

60 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1666 that it was doubted here whither a...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 60 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1666 that it was doubted here whither any intercourse or correspondence should be herea... more

1666] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 61   Majestie was pleased to give order to my satisfaction...

1666] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 61 Majestie was pleased to give order...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1666] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 61 Majestie was pleased to give order to my satisfaction. Then he asked me, why I too... more

62 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1666   purpose to convoy

62 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1666 purpose to convoy

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 62 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1666 purpose to convoy uie further and stay with me all night, came to me ; for whose s... more

1666] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 63   ing the river, 1 passed by them without noise

1666] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 63 ing the river, 1 passed by them wi...

Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699" 1666] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 63 ing the river, 1 passed by them without noise, befor any was stirring ; and drivei... more