88 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1667   For entring the privy scale at Sir Robert Longs

88 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1667 For entring the privy scale at Sir Robert Longs



Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699"


For entring the privy scale at Sir Robert Longs, and Poun<u. shmmg,. Penc

the warrant -------

For entring the privy seale at the Pells - - -
For entring the privy warrant at the Pells office
For entring the order at the Pells - - - -

For entring my Lord Treasurers order to strick tallyes

for 200 punds at Sir Robert Longs, at the Pells,

and Mr. Shadwall ------

Sir Robert Longs fees for 200 pund sterling

The fees at the Pell office - - _ _ _

The tellers fees -------

For the tally ----___

To the cashirer at the Custome house for expedition -

For bringing the money from the Custume house

To Mr. Perring, who, by order, went through all these

difficulties and intricacies, for his paines - - 5 -

To his servant ------- -5

in all - - 25 2 1

Haveing caused make cloaths ready for my self and suite after the new
fashion,* and haveing notice that the Kings letter was ready, I went and
tooke my leave of ffriends, fii-st at Hishgate, by my Lord Lawderdale, who
was pleased to give me a letter to Doktor Davison in Polland, for addi'ess
of the Kings letter ia favour of my father in law, CoUonell Philippus
Albertus von Bockhoven.

I entertained Mr. Cooke, and these of the Secretary office, where I had

* [' The King hath yesterday, in Council,' ' I stood and saw him dress himself, and try

writes Pepys, on the 8th of October, 1666, on his vest, which is in the King's new fashion,

'declared his resolution of setting a fashion and he will be in it for good and all on Mon-

for clothes, which he will never alter. It will day next, and the whole Court: it is a fashion,

beavesl, I know not well how; but it is to the King says, he will never change.' — See

teach the nobility thrift, and will do good.' Pepys' Diary, vol. iii., pp. 304, 308, 310, 3H,

A few days afterwards, in chronicling a visit 313, 325.]
to the Duke of York, at Whitehall, he adds,

Gordon was brought up and remained a lifelong Roman Catholic, at a time when the Church was being persecuted in Scotland. At age of fifteen, he entered the Jesuit college at Braunsberg, East Prussia, then part of Poland. In 1661, after many years experiences as a soldier of fortune, he joined the Russian army under Tsar Aleksei I, and in 1665 was sent on a special mission to England. After his return, he distinguished himself in several wars against the Turks and Tatars in southern Russia. In recognition of his service he was promoted to major-general in 1678, was appointed to the high command at Kiev in 1679, and in 1683 was made lieutenant-general. In 1687 and 1689 he took part in expeditions against the Tatars in the Crimea, being made a full general. Later in 1689, a revolution broke out in Moscow, and with the troops under his command, Gordon virtually decided events in favor of Peter the Great against the Regent, Tsarevna Sophia Alekseyevna. Consequently, he was for the remainder of his life in high favor with the Tsar, who confided to him the command of his capital during his absence from Russia. In 1696, Gordon's design of a "moveable rampart" played a key role in helping the Russians take Azov. One of Gordon's convinced the Tsars to establish the first Roman Catholic church and school in Muscovy, of which he remained the main benefactor and headed the Catholic community in Russia until his death. For his services his second son James, brigadier of the Russian army, was created Count of the Holy Roman Empire in 1701. At the end of his life the Tsar, who had visited Gordon frequently during his illness, was with him when he died, and with his own hands closed his eyes. General Gordon left behind him a uniquely detailed diary of his life and times, written in English. This is preserved in manuscript in the Russian State Military Archive in Moscow. Passages from the Diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries (1635–1699) was printed, under the editorship of Joseph Robertson, for the Spalding Club, at Aberdeen, Scotland, 1859.



1635 - 1699


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