4 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1640-46 in Easter Achluichries, within the parisli of Crochdan and the shirefdome of Aberdeen
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Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699"
4 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1640-46
in Easter Achluichries, within the parisli of Crochdan and the shirefdome
of Aberdeene, I was borne ; my parents, John Gordon and Mary Ogilvle, '
heritours and proprietours of the same lands of Achluichries.
I was sent to the schoole at the kirk of Crochdan on Lambe masse day,
and put to lodge and dyet by a widdow called Margaret Allan, ray school-
master being William Logon.
Here I, together with my eldest brother, stayed foure years, haveing
proceeded to Multiplex v.no sensu in the first part of Despauter's Graramer.^
My father, dwelling in Achridy, in the parish of Ellon, I was sent to
that schoole, my schoolmaster the same, being translated hither, being
lodged and dyeted in Alexander Scrogges his house.
I was at this schoole about a year, when, because of the great troubles
both before and now, all publick schooles were abandoned. My father
tooke a schoolmaster called Georg Murray into his house, who teached us
halfe a year very Avell.
My father^ removeing to , wee were now sent again to the
schoole of Ellon, and lodged in John ]\Iill his house, our schoolmaster being
Mr. Hary Tom.
Here we learned about a year. My father, in the meane tyme, re-
moved to Achmade, and afterward to his own lands, and dwelled in Wester-
' [In a subsequent volume of his Diary, on James marryed Marjery Gordon, daughter
the 23d August 1698, the Author writes: — • to Georg Gordon of Coclaraghy. These
'■ Gott this aecount of my mother's father. were my grandflither and grandmother."]
The Laird of Petlurg maryed Janet Ojrilby, oruAT i.- i i- * i ., i^,,^
, , i ^1 r • 1 c n> 11 1 "^ -["Multiplex uno sensu chcatnr abundans:
daughter to the Laird ot CuHen, and was j'-g,^^^ y^,l ;,v^,„„,j gu ^^^^i^, pimque pisum :
soone after killed at the battel of Pinky, Cum pene innumcris, quae lectio multa
leaving him who succeeded unborne, or in docebit."
the cradle. She was afterwards marycd to (loannis Despavterii Ninivitae, Gramma-
one Olgilby of Blarak her cousin, a cadet of ticae Institvtionis Lib. vii. docte et concinne
the house of CuUcn, and of 3000 merks in in compendium redacti, per Sebastianvm
the Boyne. By liitn she had a son called Dvisbvrgensera, lib. iii. ' de hetcroclitis,' p.
James, brother uterine to Sir John Gordon 89, edit. Edinb. 1617.) ]
of Pvtlurge, and unkle to Mr. Robert. This
Gordon was brought up and remained a lifelong Roman Catholic, at a time when the Church was being persecuted in Scotland. At age of fifteen, he entered the Jesuit college at Braunsberg, East Prussia, then part of Poland. In 1661, after many years experiences as a soldier of fortune, he joined the Russian army under Tsar Aleksei I, and in 1665 was sent on a special mission to England. After his return, he distinguished himself in several wars against the Turks and Tatars in southern Russia. In recognition of his service he was promoted to major-general in 1678, was appointed to the high command at Kiev in 1679, and in 1683 was made lieutenant-general. In 1687 and 1689 he took part in expeditions against the Tatars in the Crimea, being made a full general. Later in 1689, a revolution broke out in Moscow, and with the troops under his command, Gordon virtually decided events in favor of Peter the Great against the Regent, Tsarevna Sophia Alekseyevna. Consequently, he was for the remainder of his life in high favor with the Tsar, who confided to him the command of his capital during his absence from Russia. In 1696, Gordon's design of a "moveable rampart" played a key role in helping the Russians take Azov. One of Gordon's convinced the Tsars to establish the first Roman Catholic church and school in Muscovy, of which he remained the main benefactor and headed the Catholic community in Russia until his death. For his services his second son James, brigadier of the Russian army, was created Count of the Holy Roman Empire in 1701. At the end of his life the Tsar, who had visited Gordon frequently during his illness, was with him when he died, and with his own hands closed his eyes. General Gordon left behind him a uniquely detailed diary of his life and times, written in English. This is preserved in manuscript in the Russian State Military Archive in Moscow. Passages from the Diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries (1635–1699) was printed, under the editorship of Joseph Robertson, for the Spalding Club, at Aberdeen, Scotland, 1859.