228  INDEX OF PERSONS.   Ivan, Czar of Muscovy

228 INDEX OF PERSONS. Ivan, Czar of Muscovy



Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699"


Ivan, Czar of Muscovy, 44. 45, 58,
108, 110, 150, 152, 158, 160, 162,
164, 166, 167. 169, 192.

Ivings, Mr., 102.

Jacobs, Robin, 132.

James VI., King, 80, 108, 134, 180.

James VII., King, 89, 143, 145, 146.
150, 151, 165, 184, 185.

Jolly, Mr. Robert, 122.

Jope, George, notary public, 204.

Joseph, Petrus Paulus de St., Arch-
bishop of Anura [Ancyra], 192.

Kadffman, Captain, 102. 103.

Karstares, Major, 41.

Keiih, Alexander, 25.

Keith, Hittmaster, 61.

Keith, George, 49.

Keth, Johannes de, dorainus de Inuer-
ogy, 198.

Keith, Juliana, wife of Lieutenant-
Colonel Winram, 55.

Keller, Mr. Van, the Dutch resident at
Moscow, 158, 162, 165, 171, 172,

Kempis, Thomas a, 25.

Kempthorne, Sir John, 95.

Kenedy, Mr., 57, 69.

Kennedi, Gilbertus, dominus de, 198.

Kennedy, Ensign John, 30.

Kennedy, Sir James, 128.

Kennedy of Carmucks, 147.

Kenmnre, Alexander Gordon, fifth
Viscount of, 144.

Kiew, the Waywode of, 96.

King, General James, Lord Ythan, 146.

Kinghorn. John, Earl of, 206, 209.

Kirk, Colonel, 130.

Kirkton, Mr. James, 79.

Kirkwood, John, 83.

Koitzi, a Pole, 26.

Kolobuf, Colonel Nikifor, 52, 53.

Konigsmark. Colonel, 22.

Korke, Commissary Van, 158.

Koslofsky, the Kniaz (jiregory AfFonas-
seovits, 33.

Kozazow, Major-General, 105.

Krevett, Henry, 100.
Kruger, Colonel, 65.
Krygher, Lieutenant-Colonel. com-
mandant of Meinel, 115, 116.
Kyvet, Mr., 76, 96.

Lamb de Tullochcarroune, Robertus,

Landells, Alexander, 42.
Lauder, Sir John, 79, 80, 128, 133, 140,

Laniziinsky, Colonel, 35.
Langdales, Major, 61.
Lapuchin, Ludoxia Feodorovvna, wife of

Peter the Great, 165.
Lask, Thomas de, dominus eiusdem, 198
Lauderdale, the Earl of, 78, 79, 82, 83,

88, 102 ; the Duke of, 144.
Laughton, Mr., 65.
Launtie of Innaltie, Andro, 205.
Lautye, Alexander, servitor to Master

John Dempster, advocate, 204.
Lawtie, Peter, in Auchleuchries, 205.
Leask — see Lask.
Lefort, General Francis, 108, 109, 170,

173, 184, 185.
Leichtenstein, Prince Charles of, Duke

of Trappau, 29.
Leichtenstein, Maria Theresa, Princess

of, 29.
Leith of Harthill, 25.
Leith, Adam, 207, 208.
Lendrum, Alexander, in Westertoun of

Auchleucliries, 213.
Lendrum, William, in Westertoun of

Auchleuchries, 213.
Leslie of Balquhain, Patrick, 213.
Leslie of Little Wartle, Alexander, 148.
Leslie, Mr., 124.

Lesley, Alexander, Earl of Leven, 24.
Lesley, Walter, Count, 24, 26, 27, 29.
Lesley, Sir Alexander, of Auchintoul,

Lesley of Balquhain, John, 26, 29.
Lesley, of Tullos, Alexander, 26, 29.
Lesley, Captain James, 26, 29.
Lesley, William, 26.
Lesley, James Earnest, 29.

Gordon was brought up and remained a lifelong Roman Catholic, at a time when the Church was being persecuted in Scotland. At age of fifteen, he entered the Jesuit college at Braunsberg, East Prussia, then part of Poland. In 1661, after many years experiences as a soldier of fortune, he joined the Russian army under Tsar Aleksei I, and in 1665 was sent on a special mission to England. After his return, he distinguished himself in several wars against the Turks and Tatars in southern Russia. In recognition of his service he was promoted to major-general in 1678, was appointed to the high command at Kiev in 1679, and in 1683 was made lieutenant-general. In 1687 and 1689 he took part in expeditions against the Tatars in the Crimea, being made a full general. Later in 1689, a revolution broke out in Moscow, and with the troops under his command, Gordon virtually decided events in favor of Peter the Great against the Regent, Tsarevna Sophia Alekseyevna. Consequently, he was for the remainder of his life in high favor with the Tsar, who confided to him the command of his capital during his absence from Russia. In 1696, Gordon's design of a "moveable rampart" played a key role in helping the Russians take Azov. One of Gordon's convinced the Tsars to establish the first Roman Catholic church and school in Muscovy, of which he remained the main benefactor and headed the Catholic community in Russia until his death. For his services his second son James, brigadier of the Russian army, was created Count of the Holy Roman Empire in 1701. At the end of his life the Tsar, who had visited Gordon frequently during his illness, was with him when he died, and with his own hands closed his eyes. General Gordon left behind him a uniquely detailed diary of his life and times, written in English. This is preserved in manuscript in the Russian State Military Archive in Moscow. Passages from the Diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries (1635–1699) was printed, under the editorship of Joseph Robertson, for the Spalding Club, at Aberdeen, Scotland, 1859.



1635 - 1699


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