212 APPENDIX.   the twentieth day of May, 1674. — {From the Particular Register of Seisins for Aberdeenshire and  Kincardineshire

212 APPENDIX. the twentieth day of May, 1674. — {From the Particular Register of Seisins for Aberdeenshire and Kincardineshire



Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699"


the twentieth day of May, 1674. — {From the Particular Register of Seisins for Aberdeenshire and
Kincardineshire, vol. viii., foil. 400, 401.)

49 By disposition, dated at Milne of Ardendret, the tlirettein day of May, 1674 (in presence of
"William Hay, son to the granter), William Hay of Sandend sells to John Gordone, younger,
in Wester Auchlewchries, lawfull sone of Johne Gordone of Auchleuchries, and Margaret
Forbes, his wife, the pendickle of land of Wester Auchlewchries called Muirtack, redeemably
by payment of certain sums of money. Seisin was given on the thirteenth day of Apryll, 1674.

Charter of Ardendraught and the superiority of Auchleuchries.— (A.D. 1677.— i^roni the MS.
Inventory of the Erroll Papers at Slaines.)

50 Charter by George, earl of Panmure, to John, earl of Erroll, and his heirs, of the lands of
Ardendraught, fishing on Cruden, and superiority of Auchleuchries, upon the resignation of
Gilbert, earl of Erroll, to be holden in feu for payment of £82 Scots yearly. 24. September,

Renunciatioun, James Gordon, younger in Wastowne, to Major Generall Patrick Gordone,
presented by Thomas Forbes, servitor to George Patoun of Grandham, on the twantie
sevent day of June, 1682. — (From the Particular Register of Seisins for Aberdeenshire and Kin-
cardineshire, vol. xi., foil. 253-255.)

51 By band of provisione, dated at Achlewchries, the twantie thrid day of March, 1665, John
Gordon in Achlewchries, now deceast, bound himself to infeft Marie Ogilvie, then his spous, in
lyfrent, and Patrick Gordon, James Gordon, and the now deceast Alle.xander Gordon, his
second, fowrt, and youngest lawfull sones, equally among them thrie, in fee, in the westsyd of
the said John Gordon, the father, his towne and lands of Westertowne of Achlewchries, then
occupied by him, redeemably from his said sones, or any of them, by payment to ilk ane, or
any of them, of fowrtie shilling ticots, and, after his deceas, by his aires, by payment to ilk ane
of his said sones of ane thowsand punds Scots. Sasine was given upon the 23d March, 1665.
By disposition, dated on the twantie day of November, 1670, the said John Gordon of Achluchries,
and Marie Ogilvie, his spous, sold to their said secund lawfull sone, CoUonell Patrick Gordon, and
the now deceast Catharin Vanbuckowen, then his spowse, and the longest liver of them two, in lyf-
rent, the lands of Achlewchries, Easter and Wester, with the pendicles therof, called Murstack, the
Milne of Achluchries, milne lands, multures, and sequelles, under burden of payment to the said
James Gordone, fourth sone of the granter, of ane thowsand punds Scots (in caece he wer not wther-
wayes provyded be his said father, the granter). By deed, dated at Ellon, the 30th of May,
1682 (in presence of John Gordon in Westertowne), the said James Gordone (now younger in
Wastowne), fourt lawfull sone to the deceast John Gordon in Achlewchries, acknowledges that
James Gordon of Westertowne, his unquhill [uncle] laite factor to the said Collonell Patrick
Gordone, had, by order of the said Collonell (now designed Major Generall) Patrick Gordon,
made payment to him of the said sowme of ane thowsand punds Scots, and therefore renounces,
in favour of the said Major Generall Patrick Gordon, that thrid part and portioune of the said
westsyde of the said towne and lands of Westertowne of Achlewchries, in which he was seised
under the band of provisione aforesaid.

Gordon was brought up and remained a lifelong Roman Catholic, at a time when the Church was being persecuted in Scotland. At age of fifteen, he entered the Jesuit college at Braunsberg, East Prussia, then part of Poland. In 1661, after many years experiences as a soldier of fortune, he joined the Russian army under Tsar Aleksei I, and in 1665 was sent on a special mission to England. After his return, he distinguished himself in several wars against the Turks and Tatars in southern Russia. In recognition of his service he was promoted to major-general in 1678, was appointed to the high command at Kiev in 1679, and in 1683 was made lieutenant-general. In 1687 and 1689 he took part in expeditions against the Tatars in the Crimea, being made a full general. Later in 1689, a revolution broke out in Moscow, and with the troops under his command, Gordon virtually decided events in favor of Peter the Great against the Regent, Tsarevna Sophia Alekseyevna. Consequently, he was for the remainder of his life in high favor with the Tsar, who confided to him the command of his capital during his absence from Russia. In 1696, Gordon's design of a "moveable rampart" played a key role in helping the Russians take Azov. One of Gordon's convinced the Tsars to establish the first Roman Catholic church and school in Muscovy, of which he remained the main benefactor and headed the Catholic community in Russia until his death. For his services his second son James, brigadier of the Russian army, was created Count of the Holy Roman Empire in 1701. At the end of his life the Tsar, who had visited Gordon frequently during his illness, was with him when he died, and with his own hands closed his eyes. General Gordon left behind him a uniquely detailed diary of his life and times, written in English. This is preserved in manuscript in the Russian State Military Archive in Moscow. Passages from the Diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries (1635–1699) was printed, under the editorship of Joseph Robertson, for the Spalding Club, at Aberdeen, Scotland, 1859.



1635 - 1699


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