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Romanov Empire - Империя Романовых
Romanov Empire - Империя РомановыхHistorical Society - Историческое ОбществоСанкт-Петербург, Россия

The Russian Empire was a historical empire that extended across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917. The third-largest empire in history, at its greatest extent stretching over three continents, Europe, Asia, and North America, the Russian Empire was surpassed in size only by the British and Mongol empires, leaving the empire lasting 196 years. The rise of the Russian Empire coincided with the decline of neighboring rival powers: the Swedish Empire, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Persia and the Ottoman Empire. It played a major role in 1812–1814 in defeating Napoleon's ambitions to control Europe and expanded to the west and south, becoming one of the most powerful European empires of all time.

The House of Romanov ruled the Russian Empire from 1721 until 1762. Its matrilineal branch of patrilineal German descent, the House of Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov, ruled from 1762 until the end of the empire. At the beginning of the 19th century, the Russian Empire extended from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Black Sea in the south, from the Baltic Sea on the west into Alaska and Northern California in America on the east. With 125.6 million subjects registered by the 1897 census, it had the third-largest population in the world at the time, after Qing China and India. Like all empires, it featured great diversity in terms of economies, ethnicities, languages, and religions. There were many dissident elements that launched numerous rebellions and assassinations over the centuries. In the 19th century, they were closely watched by the imperial secret police, and thousands were exiled to Siberia.

The empire had a predominantly agricultural economy, with low productivity on large estates worked by Russian peasants, known as serfs, who were tied to the land in a feudal arrangement. The serfs were freed in 1861, but the landowning aristocratic class kept control. The economy slowly industrialized with the help of foreign investments in railways and factories. From the 10th through the 17th centuries, the land was ruled by a noble class, the boyars, and subsequently by an emperor.

Tsar Ivan III (1462–1505) laid the groundwork for the empire that later emerged. He tripled the territory of his state, ended the dominance of the Golden Horde, renovated the Moscow Kremlin, and laid the foundations of the Russian state. Emperor Peter the Great (1682–1725) fought numerous wars and expanded an already huge empire into a major European power. He moved the capital from Moscow to the new model city of Saint Petersburg, which featured much Western design. He led a cultural revolution that replaced some of the traditionalist and medieval social and political mores with a modern, scientific, Europe-oriented, and rationalist system. Empress Catherine the Great (reigned 1762–1796) presided over a golden age; she expanded the state by conquest, colonization and diplomacy, continuing Peter the Great's (Peter I's) policy of modernization along Western European lines. Emperor Alexander II (1855–1881) promoted numerous reforms, most dramatically the emancipation of all 23 million serfs in 1861. His policy in Eastern Europe involved protecting the Orthodox Christians under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. That connection by 1914 led to Russia's entry into World War I on the side of France and the United Kingdom against the German, Austro-Hungarian, and Ottoman empires.

The Russian Empire functioned as an absolute monarchy on the ideological doctrine of Orthodoxy, Autocracy, and Nationality until the Revolution of 1905, when a semi-constitutional monarchy was established. It functioned poorly during World War I. Tsar Nicholas II was executed and the imperial family murdered in 1918 by the Bolsheviks, who took power in the 1920s after the Revolution and a bloody Civil War with the White Army, forced into exile (or executed) most of the aristocratic class, and repressed many others, culminating in the establishment of the Soviet Union in 1922.

Russian Empire Media

11,258 media by topicpage 1 of 113
Emperor of Russia Nikolay II and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna family portrait

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna family p...

Император России Николай II с семьёй

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II child portrait

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II child portrait

Император России Николай II с братом

Future Emperor of Russia Nikolay II child portrait

Future Emperor of Russia Nikolay II child portrait

Его Императорское Высочество Великий Князь Николай Александрович, Цесаревич, будущий император Николай II. His Imperial Highness Grand Duke Nikolai Alexandrovich, Tsesarevich, future Emperor Nicholas II.

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II с братом

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Его Императорское Высочество Великий князь Николай Александрович, Цесаревич, будущий император Николай II.

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Его Императорское Высочество Великий князь Николай Александрович, Цесаревич, будущий император Николай II. His Imperial Highness Grand Duke Nikolai Alexandrovich, Tsesarevich, future Emperor Nicholas II.

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nicholas II

Emperor of Russia Nicholas II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nicholas II portrait 1896

Emperor of Russia Nicholas II portrait 1896

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II portrait 1894, Paris

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II portrait 1894, Paris

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II portrait, Paris

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II portrait, Paris

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II portrait 1894, Paris

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II portrait 1894, Paris

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II portrait 1896, St Petersburg

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II portrait 1896, St Petersburg

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II portrait 1896, Paris

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II portrait 1896, Paris

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II portrait, 1898

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II portrait, 1898

Император России Николай II

Portrait en caracters microscopiques, 1888

Portrait en caracters microscopiques, 1888

Император России Николай II

Portrait en caracters microscopiques, 1888

Portrait en caracters microscopiques, 1888

Император России Николай II

S.A.I. NICHOLAS II EMPEUR DE RUSSIE

S.A.I. NICHOLAS II EMPEUR DE RUSSIE

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II and wife - portrait, 1898

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II and wife - portrait, 1898

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II with wife - portrait, 1898

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II with wife - portrait, 1898

Император России Николай II

Emperor and Empress of Russia portrait, 1898

Emperor and Empress of Russia portrait, 1898

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Tsar Nicholas II of Russia - Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Tsar Nicholas II of Russia - Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II, Cossac uniform

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II, Cossac uniform

Император России Николай II в форме казака

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II portraits

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II portraits

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Russian Emperor Nicholas ii

Russian Emperor Nicholas ii

Russian Emperor Nicholas ii Liberator. Николай Второй Освободитель.

Russian Emperor Nicholas ii

Russian Emperor Nicholas ii

Russian Emperor Nicholas ii Liberator. Николай Второй Освободитель.

Russian Emperor Nicholas ii

Russian Emperor Nicholas ii

Russian Emperor Nicholas ii Liberator. Николай Второй Освободитель.

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II and Empress Alexandra

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II and Empress Alexandra

Император России Николай II с Императрицей Александрой Фёдоровной

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II с Императрицей Александрой Фёдоровной

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II с Императрицей Александрой Фёдоровной

The baptism of the Tzars Daughter. Emperor of Russia Nicholas II and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna

The baptism of the Tzars Daughter. Emperor of Russia Nicholas II and E...

Император России Николай II с Императрицей Александрой Фёдоровной

Emperor of Russia Nicholas II and daughter

Emperor of Russia Nicholas II and daughter

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nicolas portrait

Emperor of Russia Nicolas portrait

Император России Николай II

Le Familie Imperial de Russie

Le Familie Imperial de Russie

Император России Николай II - семейный портрет. Emperor of Russia Nicholas II with Empress Alexandra Feodorovna and daughters

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II - семейный портрет. Emperor of Russia Nicholas II with Empress Alexandra Feodorovna and daughters

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II - семейный портрет. Emperor of Russia Nicholas II with Empress Alexandra Feodorovna

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II с женой и дочерью

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II - семейный портрет. Emperor of Russia Nicholas II with Empress Alexandra Feodorovna and daughters

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II - семейный портрет. Emperor of Russia Nicholas II with Empress Alexandra Feodorovna and daughter

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II - семейный портрет. Emperor of Russia Nicholas II with daughtersб 1914-1917

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolai II in navy uniform

Emperor of Russia Nikolai II in navy uniform

Император России Николай II в морской форме

Emperor of Russia Nikolai II

Emperor of Russia Nikolai II

Его Императорское Величество Николай II

La famille du tsar en 1912 -Emperor of Russia Nikolai II

La famille du tsar en 1912 -Emperor of Russia Nikolai II

Император России Николай II - семейный портрет. Emperor of Russia Nicholas II with Empress Alexandra Feodorovna and daughters

Alexander III photographic portrait

Alexander III photographic portrait

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III (1845-1894). 1873 , photographic portrait

Alexander III (1845-1894). 1873 , photographic portrait

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia 1873

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia 1873

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894)

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894)

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia , postcard

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia , postcard

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia with dog and family

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia with dog and family

Александр III, императрица Мария Феодоровна, цесаревич Николай II и Великая Княжна Ксения. Александр III - император России 1845-1894). Семейный портрет. Размер изображения: 1280 × 993. 1873 Альбом Российской ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia. Russian Imperial Family.

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia. Russian Imperial Family.

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Russian Imperial Family with Alexander III

Russian Imperial Family with Alexander III

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Family of Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873

Family of Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia with his family

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia with his family

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Russian Imperial Family. 1873

Russian Imperial Family. 1873

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894) as a child

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894) as a child

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894) Journal

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894) Journal

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). Portrait Album

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). Portrait Album

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia portrait

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia portrait

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia. photographic portrait

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia. photographic portrait

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia in military uniform

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia in military uniform

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia, engraving portrait

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia, engraving portrait

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Postcard, Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia. photographic portrait

Postcard, Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia. photographic portrait

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Emperor of Russia - Alexander III, (1845-1894).

Emperor of Russia - Alexander III, (1845-1894).

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Emprss Maria Feodorovna, Alexander III, and Princess of Whales

Emprss Maria Feodorovna, Alexander III, and Princess of Whales

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia's family portrait

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia's family portrait

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, on a balcony

Alexander III, on a balcony

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia's fmily - Friends of France

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia's fmily - Friends of France

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia standing portrait engraving

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia standing portrait engraving

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Albu... More

Alexander III, sculpture by Paul Troubetzkoy

Alexander III, sculpture by Paul Troubetzkoy

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia In Paris

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia In Paris

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Death of Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894).

Death of Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894).

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia - Last Photograph

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia - Last Photograph

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Empress of Russia Alexandra Feodorovna, portrait, 1901

Empress of Russia Alexandra Feodorovna, portrait, 1901

Императрица Александра Фёдоровна Empress of Russia Alexandra Feodorovna

Romanov Empire - Империя Романовых

The Romanov Empire remarkable media collections together with its educational activities make it one of the best educational resources, a gateway to historical Russia. We are working hard to provide easy access to public domain media for everyone, to engage public and to encourage interest in the pre-revolutionary history of Russia.

Цель ресурса "Империя Романовых" - создание общего архива фото- и видеоматериалов о дореволюционной России, чтобы сохранившиеся фотографии, кинохроники и документы стали легкодоступными для всех. Наш архив состоит по большей части из объектов исторического наследия, находящихся в общественном достоянии. Мы постоянно находим новые материалы и организуем собранное в тематические коллекции. Надеемся, что наш сайт станет популярным ресурсом, вовлекая в нашу общую работу всё больше и больше заинтересованных людей.

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