Romanov Empire - Империя Романовых
Romanov Empire - Империя РомановыхHistorical Society - Историческое ОбществоСанкт-Петербург, Россия

Russia, or the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country located in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It extends from the Baltic Sea in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the east, and from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Black and Caspian seas in the south. Russia covers 17,125,191 square kilometres (6,612,073 sq mi), spanning more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, stretching eleven time zones, and bordering 16 sovereign nations. Moscow is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod, Chelyabinsk and Samara.

Russia is the largest country in the world, the ninth-most populous country, as well as the most populous country in Europe. The country is one of the world's most sparsely populated and urbanized. About half of the country's total area is forested, concentrating around four-fifths of its total population of over 146.8 million on its smaller and dense western portion, as opposed to its larger and sparse eastern portion. Russia is administratively divided into 85 federal subjects. The Moscow Metropolitan Area is the largest metropolitan area in Europe, and among the largest in the world, with more than 20 million residents.

The East Slavs emerged as a recognisable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. The medieval state of Rus' arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states, until it was finally reunified by the Grand Duchy of Moscow in the 15th century. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which became a major European power, and the third-largest empire in history. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian SFSR became the largest and leading constituent of the Soviet Union, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognised as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. Following the constitutional crisis of 1993, a new constitution was adopted, and Russia has since been governed as a federal semi-presidential republic

Russia is described as a potential superpower, with the world's second-most powerful military, and the fourth-highest military expenditure. As a recognised nuclear-weapon state, the country possesses the world's largest stockpile of nuclear weapons. Its economy ranks as the eleventh-largest in the world by nominal GDP and the sixth-largest by PPP. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest in the world, and it is one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. It hosts the world's ninth-greatest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, and is simultaneously ranked very high in the Human Development Index, with a universal healthcare system, and a free university education. Russia is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, a member of the SCO, the G20, the Council of Europe, the APEC, the OSCE, the IIB and the WTO, as well as the leading member of the CIS, the CSTO, and the EAEU.

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Emperor of Russia Nikolay II and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna family portrait

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna family p...

Император России Николай II с семьёй

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II child portrait

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II child portrait

Император России Николай II с братом

Future Emperor of Russia Nikolay II child portrait

Future Emperor of Russia Nikolay II child portrait

Его Императорское Высочество Великий Князь Николай Александрович, Цесаревич, будущий император Николай II. His Imperial Highness Grand Duke Nikolai Alexandrovich, Tsesarevich, future Emperor Nicholas II.

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II с братом

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Его Императорское Высочество Великий князь Николай Александрович, Цесаревич, будущий император Николай II.

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Его Императорское Высочество Великий князь Николай Александрович, Цесаревич, будущий император Николай II. His Imperial Highness Grand Duke Nikolai Alexandrovich, Tsesarevich, future Emperor Nicholas II.

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nicholas II

Emperor of Russia Nicholas II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nicholas II portrait 1896

Emperor of Russia Nicholas II portrait 1896

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II portrait 1894, Paris

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II portrait 1894, Paris

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II portrait, Paris

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II portrait, Paris

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II portrait 1894, Paris

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II portrait 1894, Paris

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II portrait 1896, St Petersburg

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II portrait 1896, St Petersburg

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II portrait 1896, Paris

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II portrait 1896, Paris

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II portrait, 1898

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II portrait, 1898

Император России Николай II

Portrait en caracters microscopiques, 1888

Portrait en caracters microscopiques, 1888

Император России Николай II

Portrait en caracters microscopiques, 1888

Portrait en caracters microscopiques, 1888

Император России Николай II

S.A.I. NICHOLAS II EMPEUR DE RUSSIE

S.A.I. NICHOLAS II EMPEUR DE RUSSIE

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II and wife - portrait, 1898

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II and wife - portrait, 1898

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II with wife - portrait, 1898

Emperor of Russia Nicolas II with wife - portrait, 1898

Император России Николай II

Emperor and Empress of Russia portrait, 1898

Emperor and Empress of Russia portrait, 1898

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Tsar Nicholas II of Russia - Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Tsar Nicholas II of Russia - Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II, Cossac uniform

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II, Cossac uniform

Император России Николай II в форме казака

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II portraits

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II portraits

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Russian Emperor Nicholas ii

Russian Emperor Nicholas ii

Russian Emperor Nicholas ii Liberator. Николай Второй Освободитель.

Russian Emperor Nicholas ii

Russian Emperor Nicholas ii

Russian Emperor Nicholas ii Liberator. Николай Второй Освободитель.

Russian Emperor Nicholas ii

Russian Emperor Nicholas ii

Russian Emperor Nicholas ii Liberator. Николай Второй Освободитель.

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II and Empress Alexandra

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II and Empress Alexandra

Император России Николай II с Императрицей Александрой Фёдоровной

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II с Императрицей Александрой Фёдоровной

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II с Императрицей Александрой Фёдоровной

The baptism of the Tzars Daughter. Emperor of Russia Nicholas II and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna

The baptism of the Tzars Daughter. Emperor of Russia Nicholas II and E...

Император России Николай II с Императрицей Александрой Фёдоровной

Emperor of Russia Nicholas II and daughter

Emperor of Russia Nicholas II and daughter

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nicolas portrait

Emperor of Russia Nicolas portrait

Император России Николай II

Le Familie Imperial de Russie

Le Familie Imperial de Russie

Император России Николай II - семейный портрет. Emperor of Russia Nicholas II with Empress Alexandra Feodorovna and daughters

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II - семейный портрет. Emperor of Russia Nicholas II with Empress Alexandra Feodorovna and daughters

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II - семейный портрет. Emperor of Russia Nicholas II with Empress Alexandra Feodorovna

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II с женой и дочерью

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II - семейный портрет. Emperor of Russia Nicholas II with Empress Alexandra Feodorovna and daughters

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II - семейный портрет. Emperor of Russia Nicholas II with Empress Alexandra Feodorovna and daughter

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II - семейный портрет. Emperor of Russia Nicholas II with daughtersб 1914-1917

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Emperor of Russia Nikolay II

Император России Николай II

Emperor of Russia Nikolai II in navy uniform

Emperor of Russia Nikolai II in navy uniform

Император России Николай II в морской форме

Emperor of Russia Nikolai II

Emperor of Russia Nikolai II

Его Императорское Величество Николай II

La famille du tsar en 1912 -Emperor of Russia Nikolai II

La famille du tsar en 1912 -Emperor of Russia Nikolai II

Император России Николай II - семейный портрет. Emperor of Russia Nicholas II with Empress Alexandra Feodorovna and daughters

Alexander III photographic portrait

Alexander III photographic portrait

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III (1845-1894). 1873 , photographic portrait

Alexander III (1845-1894). 1873 , photographic portrait

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia 1873

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia 1873

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894)

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894)

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia , postcard

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia , postcard

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia with dog and family

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia with dog and family

Александр III, императрица Мария Феодоровна, цесаревич Николай II и Великая Княжна Ксения. Александр III - император России 1845-1894). Семейный портрет. Размер изображения: 1280 × 993. 1873 Альбом Российской ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia. Russian Imperial Family.

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia. Russian Imperial Family.

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Russian Imperial Family with Alexander III

Russian Imperial Family with Alexander III

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Family of Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873

Family of Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia with his family

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia with his family

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Russian Imperial Family. 1873

Russian Imperial Family. 1873

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894) as a child

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894) as a child

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894) Journal

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894) Journal

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). Portrait Album

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). Portrait Album

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia portrait

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia portrait

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia. photographic portrait

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia. photographic portrait

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia in military uniform

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia in military uniform

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia, engraving portrait

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia, engraving portrait

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Postcard, Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia. photographic portrait

Postcard, Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia. photographic portrait

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Emperor of Russia - Alexander III, (1845-1894).

Emperor of Russia - Alexander III, (1845-1894).

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Emprss Maria Feodorovna, Alexander III, and Princess of Whales

Emprss Maria Feodorovna, Alexander III, and Princess of Whales

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia's family portrait

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia's family portrait

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, on a balcony

Alexander III, on a balcony

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia's fmily - Friends of France

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia's fmily - Friends of France

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia standing portrait engraving

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia standing portrait engraving

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Albu... More

Alexander III, sculpture by Paul Troubetzkoy

Alexander III, sculpture by Paul Troubetzkoy

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia In Paris

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia In Paris

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Death of Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894).

Death of Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894).

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia - Last Photograph

Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia - Last Photograph

Александр III, император России (1845-1894). 1873 Альбом Российской Императорской семьи, императорского двора и государственных деятелей, 1865-1875 Alexander III, the Emperor of Russia (1845-1894). 1873 Album ... More

Empress of Russia Alexandra Feodorovna, portrait, 1901

Empress of Russia Alexandra Feodorovna, portrait, 1901

Императрица Александра Фёдоровна Empress of Russia Alexandra Feodorovna

Romanov Empire - Империя Романовых

The Romanov Empire remarkable media collections together with its educational activities make it one of the best educational resources, a gateway to historical Russia. We are working hard to provide easy access to public domain media for everyone, to engage public and to encourage interest in the pre-revolutionary history of Russia.

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