1686] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 133   for two servants to Scotland

1686] DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. 133 for two servants to Scotland



Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699"


for two servants to Scotland, forty shillings ; on the way to them, twelve
shillings ; for my two servants dyet, whilst I was at Chersey, four shillings ;
for dinner, eight pence ; tea and ale, six pence,

1 received from Mr. Mevcrell, money which made up his account to me, iways.
of one hundred and forty five punds sterling. This night, the letters came
from Scotland of the Parliaments actions, and how it was scarsely carryed
that. In their answer to the Kincrg letter, they should call the kings ffricnds
Roman Catholicks* I payed this day, tor dinner, thirteen and a half
pence ; for tea, one penny ; for wine, two shillings ; and vislteing a woman
in childbed, it cost me, wages, three shillings. I writt letters to Russia to
my ffricnds, according to the copies

I began to looke about for furniture, and Malor Douofall bought for me ^^3 «•
a sadle, with furniture and sadle cloth, for seventeen shillings ten pence.
Gave to a poor widdow, two shillings ; to Shenka, four pence ; for trimming,
six pence ; for dinner, with wine, two shillings six pence ; to the boy, at
night, four pence ; for carrying things to the boate, one shilling. I saw the
Scots Batallion exercized In the Hide Parke befor the King and Queen, and
saw the comedy, Eehearsal,t acted.

I gave to Mr. Marre twenty pund sterling, for my sonnes maintenance May 7.
at Doway, and three pund more, for his first suit. Spent for cofFy, this day,
six pence. I hired another more private lodging, at a braslers In Pellmell, pay-

* [These letters must have referred to what (Fonntainhall's Historical Notices vol ii pp
passed in the comrriittec on the Kin.i;'s letter, 720, 721) The Scottish Parliament, at that
or among the Lords of the Articles; or must time, numbered about 180 members. The
have reported the anticipated result of the King was so intent on this matter, that, on the
division of the 6th of May "The great 19th of April, he gave orders to his Corn-
debate, says Sir John Lauder, " arose upon missioner, the Kail of Murray, "that no
the appellation of l.rman Catholicks, winch act be touched with the sceptre, or the h'oyal
the [Kings) letter gave the Papists. It was assent given thereto, till the act conecrninff
urged, that it was not fit for a J^rotestant the Honuiii Catholicks be past, except acts of
parliament to give them tliis title, which they dissolution." ISubscquently, on the I"th of
assumed to themselves as iheir due . . May. the King sent additional instructions to
1 proposed it might run. 'those commonly the Commissioner, " requiriiii; him, if the Par-
called boman Catholiques ' . . . The liament shall icfnse to pass the Act relating to
Chancellor [the Larl of Perth] called this a the Roman Catholics, to dissolve them im-
nicknaming of the King; and profiosed it niediateb-, without passing anv of the public
might run in general terms, thus ; • as to those acts mentioned in his instruciions." (Abstracts
subjects your Majesty has recommended.' of the Pap.rs relating t.> Scotliuul, which past
Ihe Archbishop of Glasgow's overture was: his Majestvs hand from Dili April, lGh6, toi.5th

Ihat we miirlitcall them Poman Catholicks, Feb, p.8r.-7, iin ;j9, 69, M.S )]
not as ackiiowledi;inp tliem to be such, but t ['I'l'C "dl. known farce, written by the

only as a bare repetition ( f the King's words.' Duke of Hnckm Jiam, the Miithor of Mudibras,

So It went to the vote, and l>y tlie plurality of Martin Cliffoid of the Charter House, and

37 votes. It carried that these words [I oman Sprat, the friend and biogr.ipher of Cowley.

Catholicks] should stand in the answer." It was first acted in December, 1671 ]

Gordon was brought up and remained a lifelong Roman Catholic, at a time when the Church was being persecuted in Scotland. At age of fifteen, he entered the Jesuit college at Braunsberg, East Prussia, then part of Poland. In 1661, after many years experiences as a soldier of fortune, he joined the Russian army under Tsar Aleksei I, and in 1665 was sent on a special mission to England. After his return, he distinguished himself in several wars against the Turks and Tatars in southern Russia. In recognition of his service he was promoted to major-general in 1678, was appointed to the high command at Kiev in 1679, and in 1683 was made lieutenant-general. In 1687 and 1689 he took part in expeditions against the Tatars in the Crimea, being made a full general. Later in 1689, a revolution broke out in Moscow, and with the troops under his command, Gordon virtually decided events in favor of Peter the Great against the Regent, Tsarevna Sophia Alekseyevna. Consequently, he was for the remainder of his life in high favor with the Tsar, who confided to him the command of his capital during his absence from Russia. In 1696, Gordon's design of a "moveable rampart" played a key role in helping the Russians take Azov. One of Gordon's convinced the Tsars to establish the first Roman Catholic church and school in Muscovy, of which he remained the main benefactor and headed the Catholic community in Russia until his death. For his services his second son James, brigadier of the Russian army, was created Count of the Holy Roman Empire in 1701. At the end of his life the Tsar, who had visited Gordon frequently during his illness, was with him when he died, and with his own hands closed his eyes. General Gordon left behind him a uniquely detailed diary of his life and times, written in English. This is preserved in manuscript in the Russian State Military Archive in Moscow. Passages from the Diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries (1635–1699) was printed, under the editorship of Joseph Robertson, for the Spalding Club, at Aberdeen, Scotland, 1859.



1635 - 1699


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