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182 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1694   Gordons my lawfull, undoubted, and irrevocable procurators

182 DIARY OF PATRICK GORDON. [1694 Gordons my lawfull, undoubted, and irrevocable procurators

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Passages from the diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries : A.D. 1635-A.D. 1699"


Gordons my lawfull, undoubted, and irrevocable procurators, actors, and
factors, to the effect underwritten ; givelng, granting, and committing to them
(they acting allwayes in my effaires by the especiall advice of the noble Georg,
Earle of Aberdeen,) my full power, commission, and warrand to receive from
my oldest son, John, in Scotland, the summe of two hundred punds Scottisch
vearly, dureing the naturall lives of me and my wyfe, beginning at the
terme of Whitsunday uexte ; to which effect in my prescriptions to the dis-
position of the heretable right of my lands of Achluichries, I have ordained
my wyfe, Elisabeth, to be infeft in the lands of Easter Achluichries ; as also to
keep and dispose of the bond of three thousand merks Scottish, according to
my order in the said disposition ; and also receive any summes of money
which I may remitt to Scotland, or are due to me there, especially the debt
due to me by J. Gordon, Laird of Rothemay, upon his brother William his
account ; and also to uptake, lift, and recover the rents, profits, and duties
of any lands, summes of money, and annuall rents, which may accrew to me
hereafter ; as also to satisfy and pay all debts due by me to whatsumever
persons or person, whither by peisonall or reall security, and to obtaine dis-
charges and acquittances thereupon, or such other conveyances of the samme
as shall be thought most expedient for my behoofe, with lyke power to sue,
call, and persue all and every person whomsomever, who are or may be
due or indebted to me, to obtaine sentences and decreets therein, and put
them in due execution, compone, transact, and agree thereanent, acquit-
tances and discharges to give thereupon, and generally all and sundry other
things requisite and necessary to do, use, and exerce anent the liaill pre-
misses, and anent all my effaires, business, and concernments, within the
Kmgdora of Scotland, that I might do myself if I were personally present ;
which I shall hold firme and valid, without revocation ; declaring hereby
that my said factors shall be bound and obliged, by the acceptance hereof,
to make just accompt and reckoning and payment to me, my heirs, or assignes,
ot" all such summes of money and things whatsumever, which they shall
uplift and receive by vertue of this present factory, they haveing alwayes
allowed to them such summes of money and debts as they shall satisfy for
me, with such charges and expenses as they shall happen to disburse and
give accompt anent the premisses ; and I, the said Generall Patrick
Gordon, bynd and obliges mc, my aires, executors, and successors, to
warrand the above written factory good, valid, and effectual), at the hands

Gordon was brought up and remained a lifelong Roman Catholic, at a time when the Church was being persecuted in Scotland. At age of fifteen, he entered the Jesuit college at Braunsberg, East Prussia, then part of Poland. In 1661, after many years experiences as a soldier of fortune, he joined the Russian army under Tsar Aleksei I, and in 1665 was sent on a special mission to England. After his return, he distinguished himself in several wars against the Turks and Tatars in southern Russia. In recognition of his service he was promoted to major-general in 1678, was appointed to the high command at Kiev in 1679, and in 1683 was made lieutenant-general. In 1687 and 1689 he took part in expeditions against the Tatars in the Crimea, being made a full general. Later in 1689, a revolution broke out in Moscow, and with the troops under his command, Gordon virtually decided events in favor of Peter the Great against the Regent, Tsarevna Sophia Alekseyevna. Consequently, he was for the remainder of his life in high favor with the Tsar, who confided to him the command of his capital during his absence from Russia. In 1696, Gordon's design of a "moveable rampart" played a key role in helping the Russians take Azov. One of Gordon's convinced the Tsars to establish the first Roman Catholic church and school in Muscovy, of which he remained the main benefactor and headed the Catholic community in Russia until his death. For his services his second son James, brigadier of the Russian army, was created Count of the Holy Roman Empire in 1701. At the end of his life the Tsar, who had visited Gordon frequently during his illness, was with him when he died, and with his own hands closed his eyes. General Gordon left behind him a uniquely detailed diary of his life and times, written in English. This is preserved in manuscript in the Russian State Military Archive in Moscow. Passages from the Diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries (1635–1699) was printed, under the editorship of Joseph Robertson, for the Spalding Club, at Aberdeen, Scotland, 1859.



1635 - 1699


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