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Alexander II - Александр Второй

Alexander II was known as the "Tsar-Liberator" for his emancipation of the Russian serfs.
The change spurred innovations in education and judicial reforms, an elaborate scheme of local self-government in large towns and rural districts were set up. The economy was prospering, railway construction boomed, trade soared, banks and factories sprang up across the country.

In 1867 he sold Alaska to the United States for $7.2 million after recognizing the great difficulty of defending it against the United Kingdom or the former British colony of Canada.

In 1880 Alexander announced that he was considering granting the Russian people a constitution. But for some his extraordinary efforts were too much while others believed he didn’t go far enough – one dramatic assassination attempt followed another. On March 13, 1881, the Tsar’s carriage was bombed in the streets of St. Petersburg by members of a revolutionary organization People’s Will. He emerged shaken but unhurt and wanted to see the site of the explosion and check on the wounded Cossacks that accompanied him. As he made his way over, another terrorist threw his bomb. Fatally wounded, Alexander died an hour later.
Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".
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57 Media in collectionpage 1 of 1

Engraving of Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Engraving of Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Engraving of Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Engraving of Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Engraving of Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Engraving of Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Engraving of Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Emperor Alexander II and Empress Maria Alexandrovna

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Emperor Alexander II and Empress Maria Alexandrovna

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Emperor Alexander II and Empress Maria Alexandrovna

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Death of the emperor Alexander II assassinated in 1881.

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... more

Martyrdom of the emperor tsar-liberator of the All-Russian Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

On 1st March, 1881, Alexander was traveling in a closed carriage, from Mikhailovsky Palace to the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg. An armed Cossack sat with the coach-driver and another six Cossacks followed on... more

Martyrdom of the emperor tsar-liberator of the All-Russian Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

On 1st March, 1881, Alexander was traveling in a closed carriage, from Mikhailovsky Palace to the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg. An armed Cossack sat with the coach-driver and another six Cossacks followed on... more

Martyrdom of the emperor tsar-liberator of the All-Russian Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

On 1st March, 1881, Alexander was traveling in a closed carriage, from Mikhailovsky Palace to the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg. An armed Cossack sat with the coach-driver and another six Cossacks followed on... more

Martyrdom of the emperor tsar-liberator of the All-Russian Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

On 1st March, 1881, Alexander was traveling in a closed carriage, from Mikhailovsky Palace to the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg. An armed Cossack sat with the coach-driver and another six Cossacks followed on... more

Martyrdom of the emperor tsar-liberator of the All-Russian Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

On 1st March, 1881, Alexander was traveling in a closed carriage, from Mikhailovsky Palace to the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg. An armed Cossack sat with the coach-driver and another six Cossacks followed on... more

Martyrdom of the emperor tsar-liberator of the All-Russian Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

On 1st March, 1881, Alexander was traveling in a closed carriage, from Mikhailovsky Palace to the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg. An armed Cossack sat with the coach-driver and another six Cossacks followed on... more

Martyrdom of the emperor tsar-liberator of the All-Russian Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

On 1st March, 1881, Alexander was traveling in a closed carriage, from Mikhailovsky Palace to the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg. An armed Cossack sat with the coach-driver and another six Cossacks followed on... more

Martyrdom of the emperor tsar-liberator of the All-Russian Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

On 1st March, 1881, Alexander was traveling in a closed carriage, from Mikhailovsky Palace to the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg. An armed Cossack sat with the coach-driver and another six Cossacks followed on... more

Martyrdom of the emperor tsar-liberator of the All-Russian Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

On 1st March, 1881, Alexander was traveling in a closed carriage, from Mikhailovsky Palace to the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg. An armed Cossack sat with the coach-driver and another six Cossacks followed on... more

1856. Alexander II. The Emperor and the Autocrat of All Russia. Moscow. Metallography of Ivan Martyanov

1856. Alexander II. The Emperor and the Autocrat of All Russia. Moscow. Metallography of Ivan Martyanov 1856. Александр II. Император и Самодержец Всероссийский. Москва. Металлография Ивана Мартьянова

Russian peasants thank emperor Alexander II for the liberation from serfdom on February 19.

1861. Russian peasants thank emperor Alexander II for the liberation from serfdom on February 19. 1861. Русские крестьяне благодарят императора Александра II за освобождение от крепостной зависимости 19 февраля.

1856. National holiday on the Khodynka field

"Alexander II inherited a burden of belated transformational issues, long overdue promises and recent heavy losses ... Emperor Alexander II had to drag his reforms ... He was noticeably different from his close... more

Alexander II liberator in popular publications.

"Alexander II inherited a burden of belated transformational issues, long overdue promises and recent heavy losses ... Emperor Alexander II had to drag his reforms ... He was noticeably different from his close... more

Alexander II liberator in popular publications.

"Alexander II inherited a burden of belated transformational issues, long overdue promises and recent heavy losses ... Emperor Alexander II had to drag his reforms ... He was noticeably different from his close... more

Alexander II liberator in popular publications.

1862. His Imperial Majesty the Emperor Alexander Nikolaevich in the parade uniform of Leib Guardian Cavalry Regiment. Moscow. Lithographer. A.V. Morozov. 1862. Его Императорское Величество государь император А... more

Alexander II liberator in popular publications.

1856. His Majesty the Emperor Alexander Nikolaevich Will see the divorce of the Guard, on a raincoat against the Bolshoi Theater in Moscow on May 31. 1856. Его Величество Государь Император Александр Николаеви... more

Alexander II liberator in popular publications.

"Alexander II inherited a burden of belated transformational issues, long overdue promises and recent heavy losses ... Emperor Alexander II had to drag his reforms ... He was noticeably different from his close... more

Alexander II liberator in popular publications.

"Alexander II inherited a burden of belated transformational issues, long overdue promises and recent heavy losses ... Emperor Alexander II had to drag his reforms ... He was noticeably different from his close... more

Alexander II liberator in popular publications.

1856. A public holiday given by His Imperial Majesty the Emperor Alexander II on the occasion of the Sacred Coronation of September 8. 1856. Народный праздник данный Его Императорским Величеством Государем Имп... more

Alexander II liberator in popular publications.

"Alexander II inherited a burden of belated transformational issues, long overdue promises and recent heavy losses ... Emperor Alexander II had to drag his reforms ... He was noticeably different from his close... more

1872. Emperor Alexander II and his companions. Artists. P. Borel. Petersburg. Cartographical institution A. Ilyin.

1872. Emperor Alexander II and his companions. Artists. P. Borel. Petersburg. Cartographical institution A. Ilyin. 1872. Император Александр II и его сподвижники. Худож. П.Борель. Петербург. Картографическое з... more

Alexander II liberator in popular publications.

"Alexander II inherited a burden of belated transformational issues, long overdue promises and recent heavy losses ... Emperor Alexander II had to drag his reforms ... He was noticeably different from his close... more

Alexander II liberator in popular publications.

"Alexander II inherited a burden of belated transformational issues, long overdue promises and recent heavy losses ... Emperor Alexander II had to drag his reforms ... He was noticeably different from his close... more

Emperor Alexander Nikolaevich Autocrat of All Russia. 1868-1818.

In commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of the Emperor Alexander Nikolaevich Autocrat of All Russia. 1868-1818. Moscow. Lithographer. A.I. Streltsov. В память пятидесятилетия государя императора Александр... more

Alexander II Portrait - popular publication

"Alexander II inherited a burden of belated transformational issues, long overdue promises and recent heavy losses ... Emperor Alexander II had to drag his reforms ... He was noticeably different from his close... more

Alexander II Family - popular publication.

"Alexander II inherited a burden of belated transformational issues, long overdue promises and recent heavy losses ... Emperor Alexander II had to drag his reforms ... He was noticeably different from his close... more

Heroes and liberators of the Balkan peninsula. Alexander II liberator in popular publications.

Heroes and liberators of the Balkan peninsula from under the yoke of Islam. His Imperial Majesty the Emperor Alexander II. Герои и освободители Балканского полуострова из под ига мусульманства. Его Императорск... more

Alexander II liberator in popular publications.

"Alexander II inherited a burden of belated transformational issues, long overdue promises and recent heavy losses ... Emperor Alexander II had to drag his reforms ... He was noticeably different from his close... more

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