1856. National holiday on the Khodynka field
"Alexander II inherited a burden of belated transformational issues, long overdue promises and recent heavy losses ... Emperor Alexander II had to drag his reforms ... He was noticeably different from his closest predecessors with his lack of inclination to play the king ... he stayed himself and in every day life, he spoke freely, with the first words turned up, not caring about the impression he makes, he acted as he found fit at the moment, without thinking much. He did not want to be seen better than he actually was, and he often was better than he was seen. " V. O. Klyuchevsky. -
1856. Всенародный праздник на Ходынском поле
Александр Второй освободитель в народных изданиях. "Александру II досталось наследство, обремененное запоздалыми преобразовательными вопросами, давно просроченными обещаниями и недавними тяжкими утратами... императору Александру II пришлось протаскивать свои реформы... Он заметно отличался от своих ближайших предшественников отсутствием наклонности играть царя... по возможности оставался самим собой и в повседневном, и в выходном обращении, говорил как ни попало, первыми подвернувшимися словами, не заботясь о впечатлении, действовал, как находил нужным в данную минуту, не задумываясь много над последствиями. Он не хотел казаться лучше, чем был, и часто был лучше, чем казался". В. О. Ключевский
Alexander II was known as the "Tsar-Liberator" for his emancipation of the Russian serfs. The change spurred innovations in education and judicial reforms, an elaborate scheme of local self-government in large towns and rural districts were set up. The economy was prospering, railway construction boomed, trade soared, banks and factories sprang up across the country. In 1867 he sold Alaska to the United States for $7.2 million after recognizing the great difficulty of defending it against the United Kingdom or the former British colony of Canada. In 1880 Alexander announced that he was considering granting the Russian people a constitution. But for some his extraordinary efforts were too much while others believed he didn’t go far enough – one dramatic assassination attempt followed another. On March 13, 1881, the Tsar’s carriage was bombed in the streets of St. Petersburg by members of a revolutionary organization People’s Will. He emerged shaken but unhurt and wanted to see the site of the explosion and check on the wounded Cossacks that accompanied him. As he made his way over, another terrorist threw his bomb. Fatally wounded, Alexander died an hour later.