Baku - Баку

Baku, the capital and commercial hub of Azerbaijan, is a low-lying city with coastline along the Caspian Sea. It's famed for its medieval walled old city, which contains the Palace of the Shirvanshahs, a vast royal complex, and the iconic stone Maiden Tower. Created by: Romanov Empire - Империя РомановыхDated: 1911
Baku. Oil production from wells and wells.
From the Middle Ages, Baku was a part of the historical area of Shirvan and the state of Shirvanshahs. In the 12th century, Baku was surrounded by a two-rowed fortress wall and a moat. The maiden tower also entered the city's defense system. Various goods were exported from Baku to the Golden Horde, Russian principalities, Iran and Central Asia. In the XV century, the complex of the Shirvanshahs palace was built.
In 1501, Shah Ismail took possession of the entire Shirvan, and Baku became part of the Safavid state. In 1578, the Ottoman army captured Baku. In 1607 the city again passed under the authority of the Safavids.
In 1806 the Russian army led by Pavel Tsitsianov approached Baku, Tsitsianov was killed by the order of the ruler. On October 3 of the same year, Russian troops captured Baku, and Huseyn Kuli fled to Persia. Khanate was abolished and Baku became the center of the newly formed Baku province.

In 1847, an oil well was drilled mechanically at the Bibi-Eybat deposit for the first time in the world. The industrial development of oil fields caused Baku's rapid growth, and it became an example of a rapidly growing European city. In 1859, Vasily Kokorev built the first Russian kerosene plant in Surakhani near Baku. In 1861, on the island of Pirallahi, the Tiflis pharmacist Witte built a paraffin plant. At this plant, paraffin wax, paraffin candles and paraffin oil were produced from oil. The foreman Javad Melikov built a kerosene plant in his own project in 1863. In 1871, the first well was drilled and commissioned in Balakhany with the help of a drilling rig.

The influx of foreign capital began in Baku, the offices of the Rothschilds, Nobels and other businessmen were opened. In addition to the oil industry, weaving was developing, mechanical factories, tobacco factories, mills, manufacturing enterprises, etc. were opened. In 1878, the Baku City Duma was opened in the city. On May 8, 1883, the Baku-Tbilisi railway was launched. In 1899, a rival was opened, a steam fleet appeared in the Baku port. Many migrants - Russians, Jews, Germans, Armenians, Azerbaijanis (both from Russia and Persia) came to the city, etc. The cultural boom blossomed with the oil boom, theaters opened, the opera house building was built. Baku became known as the "Paris of the Caucasus".

While no national group constituted an absolute majority, the main nationalities of the city were Azerbaijanis (then called Azerbaijani Tatars or Persians) and Armenians. Since the XVII century in Baku, there was a large Armenian community. Armenians inhabited entire streets and engaged in active trade. The bulk of the workers were Azerbaijani, although there were many merchants and owners of oil fields among them; while in the hands of the Armenians most of the trade and many oil trades were concentrated. Between these groups four times (in February and August 1905, in March and September 1918) there was a bloody massacres.

Со средних веков Баку находился в исторической области Ширван и государства Ширваншахов. В XII веке Баку был окружен двухрядной крепостной стеной и рвом. Девичья башня также вошла в систему защиты города. Из Баку вывозились различные товары в Золотую Орду, русские княжества, Иран и Среднюю Азию. В XV веке был создан комплекс дворца Ширваншахов.
В 1501 году Шах Исмаил овладел всем Ширваном, и Баку стал частью Сефевидского государства. В 1578 году Османская армия захватила Баку. В 1607 году город снова перешёл под власть Сефевидов.
В 1806 русская армия под предводительством Павла Цицианова подошла к Баку, Цицианов был убит по приказу правителя. 3 октября того же года российские войска захватили Баку, а Гусейн Кули бежал в Персию. Ханство было упразднено и Баку стал центром вновь образованной Бакинской провинции.

В 1847 году на Биби-Эйбатском месторождении впервые в мире механическим путём была пробурена нефтяная скважина. Промышленная разработка нефтяных месторождений стала причиной бурного роста Баку, и он стал образцом быстро растущего европейского города. В 1859 году Василий Кокорев построил в Сураханах под Баку первый в России керосиновый завод. В 1861 году на острове Пираллахи тифлисский фармацевт Витте построил парафиновый завод. На этом заводе из нефти изготовляли парафин, парафиновые свечи и парафиновое масло. Предниматель Джавад Меликов в 1863 году по собственному проекту построил керосиновый завод. В 1871 году в Балаханах с помощью бурильной установки была пробурена и сдана в эксплуатацию первая скважина.

В Баку начался приток иностранного капитала, открылись офисы Ротшильдов, Нобелей и других предпринимателей. Помимо нефтяной промышленности развивалось ткацкое производство, открывались механические заводы, табачные фабрики, мельницы, обрабатывающие предприятия и т. п. В 1878 году в городе была открыта Бакинская городская дума. 8 мая 1883 года была пущена железная дорога Баку-Тбилиси. В 1899 году открыли конку, в Бакинском порту появился паровой флот. В город съехалось много мигрантов — русских, евреев, немцев, армян, азербайджанцев (как из России, так и из Персии) и т. д. С нефтяным бумом расцвела культурная жизнь, открылись театры, было построено здание оперного театра. Баку стал известен как «Париж Кавказа».

При том, что ни одна национальная группа не составляла абсолютного большинства, основными национальностями города являлись азербайджанцы (которых тогда называли азербайджанскими татарами или персами) и армяне. С XVII века в Баку имелось имелась большая армянская община. Армяне заселяли целые улицы и занимались активной торговлей.
Основную массу рабочих при этом составляли азербайджанцы, хотя и среди них было немало купцов и владельцев нефтяных промыслов; тогда как в руках армян была сосредоточена большая часть торговли и многие нефтяные промыслы. Между этими группами четыре раза (в феврале и августе 1905 г., в марте и сентябре 1918 г.) происходила кровопролитная резня.
229 Media in collectionpage 1 of 3
Baku. Oil fountain fire

Baku. Oil fountain fire

Baku. Fire in the oil field. Баку. Пожар на нефтяном промысле.

Old Baku. The Khan's Palace.

Old Baku. The Khan's Palace.

The Khan's Palace. Shirvanshahs palace (Şirvanşahlar sarayı) is the former residence of shirvanshahs ... The building of the palace is located on the top of the Baku hill, in the oldest part of the city, called... More

Old Baku. Muslim Temple.

Old Baku. Muslim Temple.

Old Baku. Muslim Quarters. Старый Баку. Мусульманские кварталы.

Old Baku. Oil refinery in old city.

Old Baku. Oil refinery in old city.

Примитивная нефтепереработка. Баку, 1888

Newsstanders. The international telegraph station Tiflis-Baku. State savings bank.

Newsstanders. The international telegraph station Tiflis-Baku. State s...

Newsstanders. The international telegraph station Tiflis-Baku. State savings bank. Разносчики газет. Международная телеграфная станция Тифлис-Баку. Государственная сберегательная касса.

Velikoknyazheskaya (Olginskaya) Street 1880

Velikoknyazheskaya (Olginskaya) Street 1880

Velikoknyazheskaya (Olginskaya) Str. 1880 Великокняжеская (Ольгинская) ул. 1880

Old Baku. City Garden

Old Baku. City Garden

Old Baku. City Garden. Баку, городской сад

Street peddler. Old city, Baku.

Street peddler. Old city, Baku.

Street peddler. Old city, Baku. Уличный разносчик. Старый город, Баку.

Baku. A scene of forced washing of people at the railway station.

Baku. A scene of forced washing of people at the railway station.

Baku. A scene of forced washing of people at the railway station. Баку. Сцена принудительной мойки людей на железнодорожной станции.

Baku Oil Refinery. Laboratory of quality control of petroleum products.

Baku Oil Refinery. Laboratory of quality control of petroleum products...

Baku Oil Refinery. Laboratory of quality control of petroleum products. Бакинский нефтеперабатывающий завод. Лаборатория контроля качества нефтепродуктов.

Refinery. Baku, 1900

Refinery. Baku, 1900

Refinery. Baku, 1900 Нефтеперерабатывающий завод. Баку, 1900

Baku. Oil fountain in the oil field.

Baku. Oil fountain in the oil field.

Baku. Oil fountain in the oil field. Баку. Фонтан нефти на нефтяном промысле.

Baku, Transportation of oil in tanks.

Baku, Transportation of oil in tanks.

Baku, Transportation of oil in tanks. Баку, Транспортировка нефти в цистернах.

Baku from above, Aerial photography.

Baku from above, Aerial photography.

Baku, Aerial photography. Баку, Аэрофотосъемка.

Society of the Kharkov Refinery. The Baku office. Baku.

Society of the Kharkov Refinery. The Baku office. Baku.

Society of the Kharkov Refinery. The Baku office. Baku. Общество Харьковского Рафинадного Завода. Бакинская контора. Баку.

Petrovskaya Embankment. Marina of the shipping company in Lenkoran and Salyan

Petrovskaya Embankment. Marina of the shipping company in Lenkoran and...

Petrovskaya Embankment. Marina of the shipping company in Lenkoran and Salyan Петровская набережная. Пристань пароходства в Ленкорань и Сальяны

Old Baku. The Lezghin Minaret.

Old Baku. The Lezghin Minaret.

Old Baku. Muslim Quarters. The Lezghin Minaret. Старый Баку. Мусульманские кварталы. Лезгинский Минарет.

Baku. New Boulevard.

Baku. New Boulevard.

Baku. New Boulevard. Баку. Новый Бульвар.

Baku, embarkment

Baku, embarkment

Baku, embankment next to the port. Баку, набережная рядом с портом.

Surakhany, Temple of Fire-worshipers

Surakhany, Temple of Fire-worshipers

Surakhany, Temple of Fire-worshipers Суракханы, Храм огнепоклонников

Oil rig. Baku.

Oil rig. Baku.

Oil rig. Baku.

Baku. Oil fountain in the oil field.

Baku. Oil fountain in the oil field.

Baku. Oil fountain in the oil field. Баку. Фонтан нефти на нефтяном промысле.

Oil refinery workers, Baku
Traditional Muslim dance with sabers. Baku.

Traditional Muslim dance with sabers. Baku.

Traditional Muslim dance with sabers. Baku. Традиционный мусульманский танец с саблями. Баку.

Dark row - Old Muslim Quarters of Baku

Dark row - Old Muslim Quarters of Baku

Dark row Old Muslim Quarters of Baku Темный ряд Старые мусульманские кварталы Баку

Zhigulevsky beer warehouse. Delivery of delivery Zhigulevsky beer. Baku.

Zhigulevsky beer warehouse. Delivery of delivery Zhigulevsky beer. Bak...

Zhigulevsky beer warehouse. Delivery of delivery Zhigulevskogo beer. Baku. Жигулёвский пивной склад. Подводы доставки Жигулевского пива. Баку.

Baku city grid, Aerial photography.

Baku city grid, Aerial photography.

Baku, Aerial photography. Баку, Аэрофотосъемка.

Baku oil terminals, Aerial photography.

Baku oil terminals, Aerial photography.

Baku, Aerial photography. Баку, Аэрофотосъемка.

Seaplanes mooring, view of the house of Gadzhinsky.

Seaplanes mooring, view of the house of Gadzhinsky.

Seaplanes mooring, view of the house of Gadzhinsky. The Baku officer's school of naval aviation (BOSHMA) is the second educational institution of the Russian Empire, designed for the training of officers in th... More

Baku. Limans.

Baku. Limans.

Old Baku. Muslim Quarters. Старый Баку. Мусульманские кварталы. Лиман. Суда на рейде.

Baku, the City Garden.

Baku, the City Garden.

Baku, the City Garden. Баку, Городской сад.

Old Baku. Khan Palace. Color postcard.

Old Baku. Khan Palace. Color postcard.

The Khan's Palace. Shirvanshahs palace (Şirvanşahlar sarayı) is the former residence of shirvanshahs ... The building of the palace is located on the top of the Baku hill, in the oldest part of the city, called... More

Emmanuel Nobel. The tanker of the Nobel oil company.

Emmanuel Nobel. The tanker of the Nobel oil company.

Emmanuel Nobel. The tanker of the Nobel oil company. Эммануил Нобель. Танкер нефтяной компании Нобеля.

The steamer Talmud. Baku.

The steamer Talmud. Baku.

The steamer Talmud. Baku. Пароход Талмуд. Баку.

Baku. The office next to the oil refinery. Баку.

Baku. The office next to the oil refinery. Баку.

Baku. The office next to the oil refinery. Баку. Контора рядом с нефтеперабатывающим заводом.

Street vendors, Baku

Street vendors, Baku

Street vendors, Baku Уличные торговцы, Баку

The center of Baku. Embankment. Maiden's Tower.

The center of Baku. Embankment. Maiden's Tower.

The center of Baku. Embankment. Maiden's Tower. Центр Баку. Набережная. Девичья башня.

View from the sea to the city (Bibi-Eybata-Cape Naftalan area)

View from the sea to the city (Bibi-Eybata-Cape Naftalan area)

View from the sea to the city (Bibi-Eybata-Cape Naftalan area) Вид с моря на город (район Биби-Эйбата-мыс Нафталан)

Baku, an apartment house in the central part

Baku, an apartment house in the central part

Baku, an apartment house in the central part Баку, доходный дом в центральной части - Здание по Красноводской угол Торговой. 1905

The main entrance to the Khan's palace of Shirvanshahs is 1860-70.

The main entrance to the Khan's palace of Shirvanshahs is 1860-70.

The main entrance to the Khan's palace of Shirvanshahs is 1860-70. Парадный вход в ханский дворец Ширваншахов 1860-70.

Seaplanes mooring, Baku

Seaplanes mooring, Baku

Seaplanes mooring, view of the house of Gadzhinsky. The Baku officer's school of naval aviation (BOSHMA) is the second educational institution of the Russian Empire, designed for the training of officers in th... More

Baku, Police detachment

Baku, Police detachment

Baku, Police detachment Баку, Полицейский наряд

Baku. Oil field, 1900s.

Baku. Oil field, 1900s.

Baku. Oil field, 1900s. Баку. Нефтепромысел, 1900е.

Baku. Oil field, 1900s.

Baku. Oil field, 1900s.

Baku. Oil field, 1900s. Баку. Нефтепромысел, 1900е.

Workers of the oil industry. Baku.

Workers of the oil industry. Baku.

Workers of the oil industry. Baku. Рабочие нефтяного промысла. Баку.

A pool for the production of fuel oil. Oil industry Nobel. Baku.

A pool for the production of fuel oil. Oil industry Nobel. Baku.

A pool for the production of fuel oil. Oil industry Nobel. Baku. Бассйн для производства мазута. Нефтяной промысел Нобеля. Баку.

Aerial photographs - Baku, Aerial photography.

Aerial photographs - Baku, Aerial photography.

Baku, Aerial photography. Баку, Аэрофотосъемка.

Baku. Street scene.

Baku. Street scene.

Baku. Street scene. Crossroads of Krivoi and Kolyubakinskaya streets. 1905 Баку. Уличная сцена. Перекресток улиц Кривой и Колюбакинской. 1905

Baku. Fire in the oil rig field.

Baku. Fire in the oil rig field.

Baku. Fire in the oil field. Баку. Пожар на нефтяном промысле.

Baku. Rigs and oil fountain in fire.

Baku. Rigs and oil fountain in fire.

Baku. Fire in the oil field. Баку. Пожар на нефтяном промысле.

Old Baku Quarters.

Old Baku Quarters.

Old Baku. Muslim Quarters. Старый Баку. Мусульманские кварталы.

Female gymnasium. Break in classes. Baku.

Female gymnasium. Break in classes. Baku.

Female gymnasium. Break in classes. Baku. Yard of the Russian Russian Muslim School on Nikolaevskaya Street Женская гимназия. Перерыв в занятиях. Баку. Двор женского русско-мусульманского училища на Николаевской улице.

Steamship Robert Nobel. Baku dock.

Steamship Robert Nobel. Baku dock.

Steamboat Robert Nobel. Baku. Пароход Роберт Нобель в доке. Баку.

Central Street. Baku.

Central Street. Baku.

Central Street. Baku. Центральная улица. Баку.

Baku. Oil fountain.

Baku. Oil fountain.

Baku. Oil field fountain.

Oil Freight Train, Baku

Oil Freight Train, Baku

Oil Freight Train, Baku Грузовой состав - цистерны с нефтью

Baku, Balakhani. Oil production

Baku, Balakhani. Oil production

Baku, Balakhani. Oil production. Баку, Балаханы. Добыча нефти.

City garden and fortress wall. Baku.

City garden and fortress wall. Baku.

City garden and fortress wall. Baku. Городской сад и крепостная стена. Баку.

Old Baku. Fire Worshipers Temple

Old Baku. Fire Worshipers Temple

Old Baku. Fire Worshipers Temple Храм огнепоклонников, Баку

Baku. Oil production from wells and wells.

Baku. Oil production from wells and wells.

Baku. Oil production from wells and wells. Баку. Добыча нефти из колодцев и скважин.

The Baku port. Embankment and Maiden's Tower.

The Baku port. Embankment and Maiden's Tower.

The Baku port. Embankment and Maiden's Tower. Бакинский порт. Набережная и Девичья Башня.

Industrial goods of Mirzayev. Trade in Baku.

Industrial goods of Mirzayev. Trade in Baku.

Industrial goods of Mirzayev. Trade in Baku. Жилые дома и торговые ряды в районе ул. Чадровой. 1895 Промышленные товары Мирзаева. Торговля в Баку.

Baku, boulevard and the fortress

Baku, boulevard and the fortress

Baku, the general view of the boulevard and the fortress Баку, Бульвар

Baku, the port.

Baku, the port.

Baku, the port. Баку, порт.

Steamer on the Baku sea route

Steamer on the Baku sea route

Steamer on the Baku sea route Пароход на рейде Баку

Phaeton in Baku street

Phaeton in Baku street

Phaeton in Baku street Фаэтон на улице Баку

Maiden's Tower

Maiden's Tower

Maiden's Tower, Baku Девичья башня, Баку Public domain photograph of city center, downtown, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Baku oil refinery and oil terminal.

Baku oil refinery and oil terminal.

Baku oil refinery and oil terminal. Бакинский нефтеперабатывающий завод и нефтяной железнодорожный терминал.

Oil refinery, Baku

Oil refinery, Baku

Чаны нефтеперерабатывающего завода. Баку, 1888

Badi Burasi, Baku

Badi Burasi, Baku

Badi Burasi, Baku

View of Bailov. Baku.

View of Bailov. Baku.

View of Bailov. Вид на Баилов.

City Council, Dumskaya Square, the house of Ashumov. About 1900

City Council, Dumskaya Square, the house of Ashumov. About 1900

City Council, Dumskaya Square, the house of Ashumov. About 1900 Городская дума, Думская пл., дом Ашумова. Около 1900

Old Baku. Muslim Street.

Old Baku. Muslim Street.

Old Baku. Muslim Quarters. Старый Баку. Мусульманские кварталы.

View of embarkment and Bailov, Baku

View of embarkment and Bailov, Baku

View of embarkment and Bailov, Baku Александровская набережная и императорская пристань. Баку - Гавань и вид на Баилов

Baku. Fire in the oil field.

Baku. Fire in the oil field.

Baku. Fire in the oil field. Баку. Пожар на нефтяном промысле.

Primitive vehicle for oil transportation.

Primitive vehicle for oil transportation.

Primitive vehicle for oil transportation. Примитивная повозка для первозки нефти. Public domain photograph related to Russian military forces, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Old Baku. View of Muslim Quarters.

Old Baku. View of Muslim Quarters.

Old Baku. Muslim Quarters. Старый Баку. Мусульманские кварталы.

Rich house and vineyards. Baku.

Rich house and vineyards. Baku.

Rich house and vineyards. Baku. Богатый дом и виноградники. Баку.

Baku. Oil production.

Baku. Oil production.

Baku. Oil production. Баку. Добыча нефти.

Baku. Oil rig fire.

Baku. Oil rig fire.

Baku. Fire in the oil field. Баку. Пожар на нефтяном промысле.

The ancient quarters of Baku. The Arabian traveler.

The ancient quarters of Baku. The Arabian traveler.

The ancient quarters of Baku. The Arabian traveler. Старинные кварталы Баку. Арабский путешественник.

Old Baku. Port and Ships.

Old Baku. Port and Ships.

Баку, вид на порт и корабли.

Baku Port. Aerial photography.

Baku Port. Aerial photography.

Baku, Aerial photography. Баку, Аэрофотосъемка.

Phaethon in the street. Baku.

Phaethon in the street. Baku.

Phaethon in the street. Baku. Фаэтон на улице. Баку.

Baku. The Tatar dacha.

Baku. The Tatar dacha.

Baku. The Tatar dacha. Баку. Татарская дача.

Steamboat. Baku.

Steamboat. Baku.

Steamboat. Baku. Пароход. Баку. Public domain photograph of Russian ship, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description Public domain photograph of Russian ship, free to use, no copyright... More

Darwin - Steamer, Caspian Sea

Darwin - Steamer, Caspian Sea

Public domain image of a sailing ship, caravel, harbor, sea, naval battle, 16th-17th century maritime seascape, free to use, no copyright restrictions - Picryl description

Work on an oil well, Baku

Work on an oil well, Baku

Work on an oil well, Baku Работы на нефтяной скважине, Баку

Baku. Oil industry.

Baku. Oil industry.

Baku. Oil industry. Баку. Нефтяные промыслы.

Oil rig, Baku

Oil rig, Baku

Baku. Oil production. Баку. Добыча нефти.

Local resident and his carriage, Baku

Local resident and his carriage, Baku

Local resident and his carriage, Baku Местный житель и его Повозка, Баку

Baku.

Baku.

Baku. Баку.

Baku oil refinery and oil terminal.

Baku oil refinery and oil terminal.

Baku oil refinery and oil terminal. Бакинский нефтеперабатывающий завод и нефтяной железнодорожный терминал. Чаны нефтеперерабатывающего завода. Баку, 1900

Oil refinery, Baku

Oil refinery, Baku

Чаны нефтеперерабатывающего завода. Баку, 1900

Consequences of fire in the oil field.

Consequences of fire in the oil field.

Consequences of fire in the oil field. Последсвия пожара на нефтепромысле.

Ships in the port. Baku

Ships in the port. Baku

Ships in the port. Baku Корабли в порту. Баку

Baku. The facade of the house of Zubalov's heirs.

Baku. The facade of the house of Zubalov's heirs.

Baku. The facade of the house of Zubalov's heirs. Баку. Фасад дома наследниеов Зубалова.

Madrasah, training of boys, Baku

Madrasah, training of boys, Baku

Madrasah, training of boys, Baku Медресе, обучение мальчиков, Баку

Collecting oil spills from the well. Baku.

Collecting oil spills from the well. Baku.

Collecting oil spills from the well. Baku. Сбор разлива нефти из скважины. Баку.

Workers of the oil industry. Baku

Workers of the oil industry. Baku

Workers of the oil industry. Baku Работники нефтяного промысла. Баку

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