political campaigns

public
141 media by topicpage 1 of 2
Engraving of Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Engraving of Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar ...

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... More

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... More

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma. Simultaneously with the decree on the dissolution of the Duma of the Second convocation on June 3, 1907, a new Provision on elections to the Duma was published. Elections to t... More

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma. Simultaneously with the decree on the dissolution of the Duma of the Second convocation on June 3, 1907, a new Provision on elections to the Duma was published. Elections to t... More

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma. Simultaneously with the decree on the dissolution of the Duma of the Second convocation on June 3, 1907, a new Provision on elections to the Duma was published. Elections to t... More

Icon Kholmogory, public domain photograph

Icon Kholmogory, public domain photograph

Kholmogory was first mentioned in the charter charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich 1138 as the Novgorod "Ivani-Pogost". The name of Kholmogory (originally Kolmogory, Kolmogorsky town) is containe... More

View of the Anthony-Siya Monastery.  Kholmogory

View of the Anthony-Siya Monastery. Kholmogory

View of the Anthony-Siya Monastery. Kholmogory was first mentioned in the charter charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich 1138 as the Novgorod "Ivani-Pogost". The name of Kholmogory (originally Kol... More

Icon Kholmogory surroundings, public domain photograph

Icon Kholmogory surroundings, public domain photograph

Kholmogory was first mentioned in the charter charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich 1138 as the Novgorod "Ivani-Pogost". The name of Kholmogory (originally Kolmogory, Kolmogorsky town) is containe... More

Kholomogory, portrait - Public domain portrait photograph

Kholomogory, portrait - Public domain portrait photograph

Kholmogory was first mentioned in the charter charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich 1138 as the Novgorod "Ivani-Pogost". The name of Kholmogory (originally Kolmogory, Kolmogorsky town) is containe... More

Icon Kholomogory, public domain photograph

Icon Kholomogory, public domain photograph

Kholmogory was first mentioned in the charter charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich 1138 as the Novgorod "Ivani-Pogost". The name of Kholmogory (originally Kolmogory, Kolmogorsky town) is containe... More

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... More

Stroganov Pavel Sergeevich - Earl, real secret counselor, chief of the Court of His Imperial Majesty

Stroganov Pavel Sergeevich - Earl, real secret counselor, chief of the...

Stroganov Pavel Sergeevich (1823-1911) - Earl, real secret counselor, chief of the Court of His Imperial Majesty, member of the State Council of the Russian Empire. During 1906–1917, the status of the State Co... More

Count Sergey Dmitrievich Sheremetev.

Count Sergey Dmitrievich Sheremetev.

Count Sergey Dmitrievich Sheremetev. During 1906–1917, the status of the State Council was defined by the Russian Constitution of 1906. Its chairman was appointed by the Tsar. Half of its members were appointe... More

Palen, von der Konstantin Ivanovich - Earl, Minister of Justice, member of the State Council of the Russian Empire

Palen, von der Konstantin Ivanovich - Earl, Minister of Justice, membe...

Palen, von der Konstantin Ivanovich (1833-1912) - Earl, Russian statesman, Minister of Justice (1867-1878), member of the State Council of the Russian Empire (since 1878). During 1906–1917, the status of the S... More

Meeting of the State Council at the Mariinsky Palace. 1908

Meeting of the State Council at the Mariinsky Palace. 1908

Meeting of the State Council at the Mariinsky Palace. 1908 During 1906–1917, the status of the State Council was defined by the Russian Constitution of 1906. Its chairman was appointed by the Tsar. Half of its... More

Chairman of the Central Club of the Cadet Party, Prince David Bebutov.

Chairman of the Central Club of the Cadet Party, Prince David Bebutov.

Chairman of the Central Club of the Cadet Party, Prince David Bebutov. At the beginning of the XX century he took an active part in the organization of the Party of People's Freedom (Cadets) and was elected as... More

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma. Simultaneously with the decree on the dissolution of the Duma of the Second convocation on June 3, 1907, a new Provision on elections to the Duma was published. Elections to t... More

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma. Simultaneously with the decree on the dissolution of the Duma of the Second convocation on June 3, 1907, a new Provision on elections to the Duma was published. Elections to t... More

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma. Simultaneously with the decree on the dissolution of the Duma of the Second convocation on June 3, 1907, a new Provision on elections to the Duma was published. Elections to t... More

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma. Simultaneously with the decree on the dissolution of the Duma of the Second convocation on June 3, 1907, a new Provision on elections to the Duma was published. Elections to t... More

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma. Simultaneously with the decree on the dissolution of the Duma of the Second convocation on June 3, 1907, a new Provision on elections to the Duma was published. Elections to t... More

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma. Simultaneously with the decree on the dissolution of the Duma of the Second convocation on June 3, 1907, a new Provision on elections to the Duma was published. Elections to t... More

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma. Simultaneously with the decree on the dissolution of the Duma of the Second convocation on June 3, 1907, a new Provision on elections to the Duma was published. Elections to t... More

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma. Simultaneously with the decree on the dissolution of the Duma of the Second convocation on June 3, 1907, a new Provision on elections to the Duma was published. Elections to t... More

Elections to the Second State Duma. The second elections to the Duma of the Russian Empire - 1907.

Elections to the Second State Duma. The second elections to the Duma o...

Elections to the Second State Duma. The second elections to the Duma of the Russian Empire - 1907. Избиратели на выборах во Вторую Государственную думу. Выборы во вторую Думу Российской империи в 1907 году.

The second elections to the Duma of the Russian Empire - 1907.

The second elections to the Duma of the Russian Empire - 1907.

The second elections to the Duma of the Russian Empire - 1907. Выборы во вторую Думу Российской империи в 1907 году.

Icon Kholomogory surroundings, public domain photograph

Icon Kholomogory surroundings, public domain photograph

Kholmogory was first mentioned in the charter charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich 1138 as the Novgorod "Ivani-Pogost". The name of Kholmogory (originally Kolmogory, Kolmogorsky town) is containe... More

Surroundings of Kholmogory. Holy Trinity Antonievo-Sii Monastery

Surroundings of Kholmogory. Holy Trinity Antonievo-Sii Monastery

View of the Anthony-Siya Monastery. Kholmogory was first mentioned in the charter charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich 1138 as the Novgorod "Ivani-Pogost". The name of Kholmogory (originally Kol... More

Murom. Events and people. The Tagunov family. 1910's.

Murom. Events and people. The Tagunov family. 1910's.

Murom. Events and people. Tagunovs owned baths until the revolution of 1917. "Trading in Murom house of the first guild under the company" Brothers L. and P. Tagunov and K. " Opened since 1884 on the rights of... More

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... More

Witte Sergey Yulievich - Earl, Minister of Finance

Witte Sergey Yulievich - Earl, Minister of Finance

Witte Sergey Yulievich (1849-1915) - Earl, Minister of Finance (1892-1903), Chairman of the Committee of Ministers (1903-1906), Chairman of the Committee of Ministers (1903-1906), Member of the State Council of... More

Nikolai Alexeevich Khomyakov. Chairman of the Third State Duma.

Nikolai Alexeevich Khomyakov. Chairman of the Third State Duma.

Nikolai Alexeevich Khomyakov. Chairman of the State Duma. Simultaneously with the decree on the dissolution of the Duma of the Second convocation on June 3, 1907, a new Provision on elections to the Duma was... More

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma. Simultaneously with the decree on the dissolution of the Duma of the Second convocation on June 3, 1907, a new Provision on elections to the Duma was published. Elections to t... More

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma. Simultaneously with the decree on the dissolution of the Duma of the Second convocation on June 3, 1907, a new Provision on elections to the Duma was published. Elections to t... More

Icon Kholmogory, public domain photograph

Icon Kholmogory, public domain photograph

Kholmogory was first mentioned in the charter charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich 1138 as the Novgorod "Ivani-Pogost". The name of Kholmogory (originally Kolmogory, Kolmogorsky town) is containe... More

Icon Kholomogory, public domain photograph

Icon Kholomogory, public domain photograph

Kholmogory was first mentioned in the charter charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich 1138 as the Novgorod "Ivani-Pogost". The name of Kholmogory (originally Kolmogory, Kolmogorsky town) is containe... More

Murom, The Tagunov family. 1910.

Murom, The Tagunov family. 1910.

Murom. Events and people. The Tagunov family. The first on the left is the mother Tagunov (in the girlhood of Sosunov), the second - the son Seraphim, the third - daughter Faina, the fourth - daughter Elena, th... More

Murom, Family portrait Tagunov in the garden. 1910's.

Murom, Family portrait Tagunov in the garden. 1910's.

Murom. Events and people. Tagunovs owned baths until the revolution of 1917. "Trading in Murom house of the first guild under the company" Brothers L. and P. Tagunov and K. " Opened since 1884 on the rights of... More

Counting commission for the election of deputies of the State Duma. 1910's.

Counting commission for the election of deputies of the State Duma. 19...

Counting commission for the election of deputies of the State Duma. 1910's. Счетная комиссия по выборам депутатов Государственной Думы. 1910-е.

Icon Kholmogory, surroundings, public domain photograph

Icon Kholmogory, surroundings, public domain photograph

View of the Anthony-Siya Monastery. Kholmogory was first mentioned in the charter charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich 1138 as the Novgorod "Ivani-Pogost". The name of Kholmogory (originally Kol... More

Icon Kholomogory surroundings, public domain photograph

Icon Kholomogory surroundings, public domain photograph

Kholmogory was first mentioned in the charter charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich 1138 as the Novgorod "Ivani-Pogost". The name of Kholmogory (originally Kolmogory, Kolmogorsky town) is containe... More

Kholomogory surroundings - Public domain portrait photograph

Kholomogory surroundings - Public domain portrait photograph

Kholmogory was first mentioned in the charter charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich 1138 as the Novgorod "Ivani-Pogost". The name of Kholmogory (originally Kolmogory, Kolmogorsky town) is containe... More

Icon Kholmogory, public domain photograph

Icon Kholmogory, public domain photograph

Kholmogory was first mentioned in the charter charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich 1138 as the Novgorod "Ivani-Pogost". The name of Kholmogory (originally Kolmogory, Kolmogorsky town) is containe... More

Chapel of the Resurrection of the All-Merciful. Kholmogory.

Chapel of the Resurrection of the All-Merciful. Kholmogory.

Chapel of the Resurrection of the All-Merciful. Kholmogory was first mentioned in the charter charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich 1138 as the Novgorod "Ivani-Pogost". The name of Kholmogory (ori... More

206. Little Russia Cossacks in the beginning of the XVIII century, KAZAK registered or elected.

206. Little Russia Cossacks in the beginning of the XVIII century, KAZ...

206. Malo Russia Cossacks in the beginning of the XVIII century, KAZAK registered or elected. "Historical description of clothing and arms of the Russian troops from ancient times", compiled on the highest com... More

"Green Tower" Ipatiev Monastery. Kostroma.

"Green Tower" Ipatiev Monastery. Kostroma.

By the decree of the first Russian tsar from the Romanov dynasty, Mikhail Fedorovich Romanov, the "New city" was built along the western wall of the Ipatiev monastery, the so-called "Old Town". The new territor... More

Engraving of Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Engraving of Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar ...

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... More

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906.

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906.

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906. Legislative elections were held in the Russian Empire from 26 March 1906 till 20 April. At stake were the 478 seats in the State Duma of the Russian Empire, the... More

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906.

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906.

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906. Legislative elections were held in the Russian Empire from 26 March 1906 till 20 April. At stake were the 478 seats in the State Duma of the Russian Empire, the... More

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma. Simultaneously with the decree on the dissolution of the Duma of the Second convocation on June 3, 1907, a new Provision on elections to the Duma was published. Elections to t... More

Elections to the State Duma. 1906 - Onega, Arkhangelsk region, Russia, White Sea.

Elections to the State Duma. 1906 - Onega, Arkhangelsk region, Russia,...

Elections to the State Duma. 1906 - Onega, Arkhangelsk region, Russia, White Sea. Онега. Выборы в Государственную Думу. 1906

Icon Kholomogory, public domain photograph

Icon Kholomogory, public domain photograph

Kholmogory was first mentioned in the charter charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich 1138 as the Novgorod "Ivani-Pogost". The name of Kholmogory (originally Kolmogory, Kolmogorsky town) is containe... More

Surroundings of Kholmogory. Holy Trinity Antonievo-Sii Monastery

Surroundings of Kholmogory. Holy Trinity Antonievo-Sii Monastery

View of the Anthony-Siya Monastery. Kholmogory was first mentioned in the charter charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich 1138 as the Novgorod "Ivani-Pogost". The name of Kholmogory (originally Kol... More

Surroundings of Kholmogory. Holy Trinity Antonievo-Sii Monastery

Surroundings of Kholmogory. Holy Trinity Antonievo-Sii Monastery

View of the Anthony-Siya Monastery. Kholmogory was first mentioned in the charter charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich 1138 as the Novgorod "Ivani-Pogost". The name of Kholmogory (originally Kol... More

Icon Kholomogory, public domain photograph

Icon Kholomogory, public domain photograph

Kholmogory was first mentioned in the charter charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich 1138 as the Novgorod "Ivani-Pogost". The name of Kholmogory (originally Kolmogory, Kolmogorsky town) is containe... More

Family portrait Tagunov in the garden. 1910's. Murom, Vladimir Province, Russia

Family portrait Tagunov in the garden. 1910's. Murom, Vladimir Provinc...

Murom. Events and people. Tagunovs owned baths until the revolution of 1917. "Trading in Murom house of the first guild under the company" Brothers L. and P. Tagunov and K. " Opened since 1884 on the rights of... More

Engraving of Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Engraving of Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar ...

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... More

Sheremetev Sergey Dmitrievich - Earl, chief clerk of the Imperial Court

Sheremetev Sergey Dmitrievich - Earl, chief clerk of the Imperial Cour...

Sheremetev Sergey Dmitrievich (1844-1918) - Earl, chief clerk of the Imperial Court (since 1903), collector, historian, member of the State Council of the Russian Empire (since 1900) During 1906–1917, the stat... More

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma. Simultaneously with the decree on the dissolution of the Duma of the Second convocation on June 3, 1907, a new Provision on elections to the Duma was published. Elections to t... More

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma. Simultaneously with the decree on the dissolution of the Duma of the Second convocation on June 3, 1907, a new Provision on elections to the Duma was published. Elections to t... More

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma. Simultaneously with the decree on the dissolution of the Duma of the Second convocation on June 3, 1907, a new Provision on elections to the Duma was published. Elections to t... More

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma. Simultaneously with the decree on the dissolution of the Duma of the Second convocation on June 3, 1907, a new Provision on elections to the Duma was published. Elections to t... More

Registration of voters in elections to the Second State Duma.

Registration of voters in elections to the Second State Duma.

Registration of voters in elections to the Second State Duma. The second elections to the Duma of the Russian Empire - 1907. Регистрация избирателей на выборах во Вторую Государственную думу. Выборы во вторую... More

Icon Kholomogory, public domain photograph

Icon Kholomogory, public domain photograph

Kholmogory was first mentioned in the charter charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich 1138 as the Novgorod "Ivani-Pogost". The name of Kholmogory (originally Kolmogory, Kolmogorsky town) is containe... More

Arkhangelsk  Cathedral. Kholmogory

Arkhangelsk Cathedral. Kholmogory

Kholmogory was first mentioned in the charter charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich 1138 as the Novgorod "Ivani-Pogost". The name of Kholmogory (originally Kolmogory, Kolmogorsky town) is containe... More

Surroundings of Kholmogory. Holy Trinity Antonievo-Sii Monastery

Surroundings of Kholmogory. Holy Trinity Antonievo-Sii Monastery

View of the Anthony-Siya Monastery. Kholmogory was first mentioned in the charter charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich 1138 as the Novgorod "Ivani-Pogost". The name of Kholmogory (originally Kol... More

Kholomogory, Transfiguration Cathedral gates.

Kholomogory, Transfiguration Cathedral gates.

Kholmogory was first mentioned in the charter charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich 1138 as the Novgorod "Ivani-Pogost". The name of Kholmogory (originally Kolmogory, Kolmogorsky town) is containe... More

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906.

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906.

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906. Legislative elections were held in the Russian Empire from 26 March 1906 till 20 April. At stake were the 478 seats in the State Duma of the Russian Empire, the... More

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906.

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906.

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906. Legislative elections were held in the Russian Empire from 26 March 1906 till 20 April. At stake were the 478 seats in the State Duma of the Russian Empire, the... More

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma. Simultaneously with the decree on the dissolution of the Duma of the Second convocation on June 3, 1907, a new Provision on elections to the Duma was published. Elections to t... More

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma. Simultaneously with the decree on the dissolution of the Duma of the Second convocation on June 3, 1907, a new Provision on elections to the Duma was published. Elections to t... More

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma. Simultaneously with the decree on the dissolution of the Duma of the Second convocation on June 3, 1907, a new Provision on elections to the Duma was published. Elections to t... More

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma.

Deputies of the Third State Duma. Simultaneously with the decree on the dissolution of the Duma of the Second convocation on June 3, 1907, a new Provision on elections to the Duma was published. Elections to t... More

Meeting of the election commission for the Second State Duma elections in the Solanoy City Hall

Meeting of the election commission for the Second State Duma elections...

Meeting of members of the election commission for the Second State Duma elections in the Solanoy City Hall. Elections to the Second State Duma. The second elections to the Duma of the Russian Empire took place ... More

Registration of voters in elections to the Second State Duma.

Registration of voters in elections to the Second State Duma.

Registration of voters in elections to the Second State Duma. The second elections to the Duma of the Russian Empire - 1907. Регистрация избирателей на выборах во Вторую Государственную думу. Выборы во вторую... More

The Arkhangelsk electoral assembly. Elections to the First State Duma. 1906

The Arkhangelsk electoral assembly. Elections to the First State Duma....

The Arkhangelsk electoral assembly. Elections to the First State Duma. 1906 Архангельское избирательное собрание. Выборы в Первую Государственную Думу. 1906

View from Emetskiy Cathedral to Trade Square. Kholomogory surroundings.

View from Emetskiy Cathedral to Trade Square. Kholomogory surroundings...

Kholmogory was first mentioned in the charter charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich 1138 as the Novgorod "Ivani-Pogost". The name of Kholmogory (originally Kolmogory, Kolmogorsky town) is containe... More

Kholomogory surroundings. Emetsk.

Kholomogory surroundings. Emetsk.

Kholmogory was first mentioned in the charter charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich 1138 as the Novgorod "Ivani-Pogost". The name of Kholmogory (originally Kolmogory, Kolmogorsky town) is containe... More

Murom, Playing checkers. Tagunov family.

Murom, Playing checkers. Tagunov family.

Murom. Events and people. Playing checkers in the garden of the house. Left (sits at the table) Viktor Petrovich Tagunov. On the right is a musician with a violin.1910s Tagunovs owned baths until the revolutio... More

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881, "Czar Liberator".

Alexander II, the oldest son of Emperor Nicholas I (1796–1855), was born in Moscow, Russia, on April 17, 1818. Alexander's most significant reform was the emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he i... More