WW1 1914 Russians, French, Artillery 220494-03 | Footage Farm
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[1914 - Russian Cavalry; Serbian Diplomat; Sweden; French Leaders; WWI Artillery; Troop Movements.]
Russian inter-title: [St. Petersburg] Cavalry training, multiple riders jumping on horseback over fences, stone walls & around course.
22:13:52 Russian inter-title: [St. Petersburg - Serbian diplomat Professor Verguna leaves Kazan Cathedral after a service for Serbian Jews (?)] Man thru crowd, tipping hat, & into carriage.
22:14:14 Russian inter-titles: [Sweden - Albert, King of Belgium arrives].
22:14:18 Russian inter-titles: ??
22:14:23 GOOD shots horse drawn carriage arrives in front of building. Various shots dignitaries / VIPs arrive & depart.
22:14:46 Russian inter-title: [France - Poincaré & Vivian on a train before their journey to Russia]
22:14:52 Train towards camera, VIPs walk past. VIPs boarding ship; w/ sailors etc.
22:15:10 Russian inter-title: [France - A parade & maneuvers]
22:15:15 CU French officer (?) posing. Two groups of French cavalry, one on black & other on white horses; perform w/ lances on large parade ground lined w/ spectators & trees. Military exercise / display w/ artillery & firing of guns.
22:16:01 WWI scenes of battle at Verdun from hilltop; wounded & captured (?) troops up hill & French descending in hillside trenches.
22:16:50 French title re statistics.
22:16:52 French troops along muddy trenches; smoke from artillery behind..
22:17:10 Inter-title: "Dans la fournaise". Pan across valley, much smoke.
22:17:41 Inter-title: "Premier lot de prisonnier".
22:17:49 Men lifting w/ pole & pushing artillery stuck in mud, horses pull up road, men run after.
22:18:11 Inter-title: "Preparation d'artillerie". Dug in large artillery firing from under canvas netting.
22:18:25 Inter-title: "..premier lot de prisonnier".
22:18:42 Wounded & other prisoners of war, POWs across rocky ground. Troops, horses & wagons along road w/ large railroad cannon shells stacked in foreground. Army trucks, carts & officers on bicycles along road w/ mud & water. (GOOD).
22:19:23 Man working field w/ four oxen.
22:19:40 French Inter-title: ...preparations in Verdun for attack. Troops w/ horses & wagons thru Verdun seen from above thru damaged building. Stretchers w/ wounded, Russian (?) officers standing. End title.
WW1; ca 1914;
There were special court cameramen and photographers who captured the daily life of the Romanov family. The Company of von Gun filmed the Tsar, and with the permission of the Ministry of the Court, showed these films in movie theatres beginning in 1907. Before the February 1917 Revolution, the von Gun Company was the main provider of the Tsar's chronicles in the Russian film industry. After 1907 other filmmakers were permitted to film the Royal family, including A. Drankov, V. Bulla (the elder), Khanzhonkov Company, Pate Company, and others. Before the beginning of World War I a newsreel became popular capturing military parades, holidays, reviews and drills. Many are devoted to the Fleet. They document everyday life of the Baltic Sea and Black Sea squadrons. Some of the newsreels document the fire of the Maly Theatre in Moscow, mass gymnastics, auto and motor races, zoos and animal preserves, and the life of peoples of the Russian Empire. The objects of filming were political and cultural figures, the construction of warships, the Moscow flood, the testing of new agricultural equipment and the oil industry in Baku. There are also films showing the towns of Russia, etc. During World War I, cameramen captured events on all fronts. Before 1915, the exclusive rights to film battles belonged to the Film Department of the Skobelev Committee. The Skobelev Committee of the Assistance to the Wounded Soldiers of the General Staff was founded in November 1904 as a public organization. By the order of the Scobelev Committee many cameramen filmed the events of the World War I, such as Englishman Arcol (representative of Pate Company, filmed on South-Western and Caucasus fronts), cameramen E.D. Dored (represented American companies) and P.V. Ermolov, (filmed events on Caucasus front); P.K. Novitskiy (Gomount Company), N.M. Toporkov, K.E. von Gan, A.K. Gan-Jagelskiy, made filming in the General Headquarters. Other cameramen such as: A. G Lemberg, S, Zebel, Trushe, etc. also worked at the fronts. Cameramen filmed the war not only on the fronts but also from the rear. Since the first month of the war until 1917 the Scobelev Committee produced about 70 newsreels. From 1914 to 1915 cameramen of the Scobelev Committee produced 21 series of the newsreel "Russian Military Chronicle". The materials of this newsreel were used many times for the separate films made by Scobelev Committee and other film companies. Read more at: http://www.pbs.org/redfiles/rao/archives/rgakfd/textind10.html