Romanovs. The White Flower Day in Livadia (Yalta)
The White Flower Day is a charitable action in favour of the people who suffer from tuberculosis. Empress Alexandra Feodorovna of Russia along with her four daughters — Grand Duchesses Olga, Tatiana, Marie and Anastasia (OTMA) — did a lot of exquisite needlework and embroidery with their own hands, then sold these handicrafts at the White Flower Day charitable bazaars in Yalta and donated all the gained money (tens of thousands of gold Roubles) to the fight with tuberculosis. Anna Vyrubova — the most intimate friend of the Russian Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna — wrote in her memoirs: “In connection with the Empress’s care for the tuberculosis patients in the Crimea there was one day every summer known as White Flower Day, and on that day every member of society, unless she had a very good excuse, went out into the towns and sold white flowers for the benefit of the hospitals. It was a day especially delightful to the Empress and, as they grew old enough to participate in such duties, to all the young Grand Duchesses. The Empress and her daughters worked very hard on White Flower Day, spending practically the whole day driving and walking, mingling with the crowd and vending their flowers as enthusiastically as though their fortunes depended on selling them all. Of course they always did sell them all. The crowds surged around them eager and proud to buy a flower from their full baskets. But the buyers were no whit happier than the sellers, that I can say with assurance.”
День Белого Цветка (или День Белой Ромашки) — это международный день помощи больным туберкулезом. Императрица Александра Феодоровна вместе со своими дочерьми — Великими Княжнами Ольгой, Татьяной, Марией и Анастасией (ОТМА) — своими собственными руками изготавливали изысканное рукоделие, которое потом продавали на организованных Государыней благотворительных базарах в Ялте, а вырученные деньги (десятки тысяч золотых рублей) жертвовали на борьбу с туберкулезом. Анна Вырубова — самая близкая подруга последней русской Царицы — писала в своих воспоминаниях: «Императрица организовала четыре больших базара в пользу туберкулезных в 1911, 1912, 1913 и 1914 гг.; они принесли массу денег. Она сама работала, рисовала и вышивала для базара и, несмотря на свое некрепкое здоровье, весь день стояла у киоска, окруженная огромной толпой народа. Полиции было приказано пропускать всех, и люди давили друг друга, чтобы получить что-нибудь из рук Государыни или дотронуться до ее плеча, платья; она не уставала передавать вещи, которые буквально вырывали из ее рук. Маленький Алексей Николаевич стоял возле нее на прилавке, протягивая ручки с вещами восторженной толпе. В день «Белого Цветка» Императрица отправлялась в Ялту в шарабанчике с корзинами белых цветков; дети сопровождали ее пешком. Восторгу населения не было предела. Народ, в то время не тронутый революционной пропагандой, обожал Их Величества, и это невозможно забыть.».
There were special court cameramen and photographers who captured the daily life of the Romanov family. The Company of von Gun filmed the Tsar, and with the permission of the Ministry of the Court, showed these films in movie theatres beginning in 1907. Before the February 1917 Revolution, the von Gun Company was the main provider of the Tsar's chronicles in the Russian film industry. After 1907 other filmmakers were permitted to film the Royal family, including A. Drankov, V. Bulla (the elder), Khanzhonkov Company, Pate Company, and others. Before the beginning of World War I a newsreel became popular capturing military parades, holidays, reviews and drills. Many are devoted to the Fleet. They document everyday life of the Baltic Sea and Black Sea squadrons. Some of the newsreels document the fire of the Maly Theatre in Moscow, mass gymnastics, auto and motor races, zoos and animal preserves, and the life of peoples of the Russian Empire. The objects of filming were political and cultural figures, the construction of warships, the Moscow flood, the testing of new agricultural equipment and the oil industry in Baku. There are also films showing the towns of Russia, etc. During World War I, cameramen captured events on all fronts. Before 1915, the exclusive rights to film battles belonged to the Film Department of the Skobelev Committee. The Skobelev Committee of the Assistance to the Wounded Soldiers of the General Staff was founded in November 1904 as a public organization. By the order of the Scobelev Committee many cameramen filmed the events of the World War I, such as Englishman Arcol (representative of Pate Company, filmed on South-Western and Caucasus fronts), cameramen E.D. Dored (represented American companies) and P.V. Ermolov, (filmed events on Caucasus front); P.K. Novitskiy (Gomount Company), N.M. Toporkov, K.E. von Gan, A.K. Gan-Jagelskiy, made filming in the General Headquarters. Other cameramen such as: A. G Lemberg, S, Zebel, Trushe, etc. also worked at the fronts. Cameramen filmed the war not only on the fronts but also from the rear. Since the first month of the war until 1917 the Scobelev Committee produced about 70 newsreels. From 1914 to 1915 cameramen of the Scobelev Committee produced 21 series of the newsreel "Russian Military Chronicle". The materials of this newsreel were used many times for the separate films made by Scobelev Committee and other film companies. Read more at: http://www.pbs.org/redfiles/rao/archives/rgakfd/textind10.html
Livadia Palace was a summer retreat of the last Russian tsar, Nicholas II, and his family in Livadiya, Crimea. Formerly granted to Lambros Katsonis and later a possession of the Potocki family, the Livadia estate became a summer residence of the Russian imperial family in the 1860s, when architect Ippolito Monighetti built a large palace, a small palace, and a church there. The residence was frequented by Alexander II of Russia, while his successor Alexander III used to live (and died) in the smaller palace. It was perhaps disagreeable associations with the latter circumstance that led his son Nicholas to have both palaces demolished and replaced with a larger structure. Around 1909, Nikolay Krasnov, Yalta's most fashionable architect, responsible for the grand ducal residences in Koreiz, was engaged to prepare plans for a new imperial palace. The Tsar's diary indicates that the design was much discussed in the Imperial Family; it was decided that all four façades of the palace should look different. After 17 months of construction, the new palace was inaugurated on 11 September 1911. In November Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna celebrated her 16th birthday at Livadia