Holy Russia (1916), Russian Empire
Holy Russia - Regiment of Cossacks blessed by priest before going into action in the Caucasus - 1916.
Religious ceremony held outdoors. This is strange and mysterious ritual. The Cossacks (with long belted coats and hair cut very short or shaved off) file past; each stopping; bending over a table; and kissing something on it; perhaps the Bible; then they step to the right; and priest touches their head with a ceremonial object that looks like a large paintbrush or a feather duster; finally; they step again to right and kiss something else which is held up by another guy in a Cossack long coat. Next; the priest walks along row of Cossack soldiers; with several military men following; the man closest to him carries a bucket of something like holy water. The priest dips the brush into the bucket repeatedly and sort of shakes it at the soldiers in the row. Priest reading while Cossacks stand; raising their right arms as in making a pledge or oath. Shot of priest blessing the flag; making motions in front of it. Also ON 406 O.
Note: the above seems to be describing the usual 'blessing' ceremony - SL.
World War One; religion; military.
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There were special court cameramen and photographers who captured the daily life of the Romanov family. The Company of von Gun filmed the Tsar, and with the permission of the Ministry of the Court, showed these films in movie theatres beginning in 1907. Before the February 1917 Revolution, the von Gun Company was the main provider of the Tsar's chronicles in the Russian film industry. After 1907 other filmmakers were permitted to film the Royal family, including A. Drankov, V. Bulla (the elder), Khanzhonkov Company, Pate Company, and others. Before the beginning of World War I a newsreel became popular capturing military parades, holidays, reviews and drills. Many are devoted to the Fleet. They document everyday life of the Baltic Sea and Black Sea squadrons. Some of the newsreels document the fire of the Maly Theatre in Moscow, mass gymnastics, auto and motor races, zoos and animal preserves, and the life of peoples of the Russian Empire. The objects of filming were political and cultural figures, the construction of warships, the Moscow flood, the testing of new agricultural equipment and the oil industry in Baku. There are also films showing the towns of Russia, etc. During World War I, cameramen captured events on all fronts. Before 1915, the exclusive rights to film battles belonged to the Film Department of the Skobelev Committee. The Skobelev Committee of the Assistance to the Wounded Soldiers of the General Staff was founded in November 1904 as a public organization. By the order of the Scobelev Committee many cameramen filmed the events of the World War I, such as Englishman Arcol (representative of Pate Company, filmed on South-Western and Caucasus fronts), cameramen E.D. Dored (represented American companies) and P.V. Ermolov, (filmed events on Caucasus front); P.K. Novitskiy (Gomount Company), N.M. Toporkov, K.E. von Gan, A.K. Gan-Jagelskiy, made filming in the General Headquarters. Other cameramen such as: A. G Lemberg, S, Zebel, Trushe, etc. also worked at the fronts. Cameramen filmed the war not only on the fronts but also from the rear. Since the first month of the war until 1917 the Scobelev Committee produced about 70 newsreels. From 1914 to 1915 cameramen of the Scobelev Committee produced 21 series of the newsreel "Russian Military Chronicle". The materials of this newsreel were used many times for the separate films made by Scobelev Committee and other film companies. Read more at: http://www.pbs.org/redfiles/rao/archives/rgakfd/textind10.html