Romanov Empire - Империя Романовых
Romanov Empire - Империя Романовых

Historical Society - Историческое Общество

Санкт-Петербург, Россия

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Duma - Дума

Vsesoslovnoe representation in was established by the Manifesto on the establishment of the State Duma and the law on the creation of the State Duma, published August 6, 1905.

Nicholas II under the pressure of Premier S.Witthe writes: "Now it is time, following the good endeavors of them, to call elected people from the whole of the Russian land to a permanent and active participation in the drafting of laws, including for this purpose a special law-setting institution in the composition of higher state institutions, which is provided with the preliminary development and discussion of legislative proposals and consideration of the mural of state revenues and expenditures. "

For the first time the Duma was convened in 1906 and existed for 12 years and 4 convocations (first, second, third, fourth State Duma). The number of Duma deputies varied from 480 to 525 people at different times.

On April 23, 1906, Nicholas II approved a set of laws that the Duma could change only on the initiative of the Tsar himself. The executive power was subordinate only to the tsar. The First Duma lasted from April to July 1906. There was one session.

Elections to the Duma were determined in the law on elections, issued in December 1905. According to him, four electoral curiae were established: landowners, city, peasants and workers. According to the workers' curia, only those proletarians who were employed in enterprises employing no less than 50 were allowed to vote.

Elections were not universal (women, youth under 25, servicemen, and a number of national minorities were excluded), not equal (one elector was in the landowning curia for 2 thousand voters, in the urban - 4 thousand, in the rural - 30, for 90 thousand), not direct - two-stage, but for workers and peasants three - and four-degree.

The largest fraction was the Cadets - 179 deputies. The Octobrists - 16 deputies, the Social Democrats - 18. From the so-called national minorities there were 63 representatives, non-partisans - 105. The fraction of the agrarian labor party of Russia, the Trudoviks, counted 97 deputies.


Всесословное представительство в России было учреждено Манифестом об учреждении Государственной Думы и законом о создании Государственной Думы, изданными 6 августа 1905 года.

Николай II под давлением премьера С.Ю.Витте пишет: "Ныне настало время, следуя благим начинаниям их, призвать выборных людей от всей земли Русской к постоянному и деятельному участию в составлении законов, включив для сего в состав высших государственных учреждений особое законосовещательное установление, коему предоставляется предварительная разработка и обсуждение законодательных предложений и рассмотрение росписи государственных доходов и расходов".

В первый раз Дума была созвана в 1906 году и просуществовала 12 лет и 4 созыва (первая, вторая, третья, четвертая Государственные Думы). Число депутатов Думы в разное время колебалось от 480 до 525 человек.

23 апреля 1906 года Николай II утвердил свод законов, который Дума могла изменить только по инициативе самого царя. Исполнительная власть подчинялась только царю. Первая Дума просуществовала с апреля по июль 1906 года. Состоялась одна сессия.

Выборы в Думу определялись в законе о выборах, изданном в декабре 1905 года. Согласно ему учреждались четыре избирательные курии: землевладельческая, городская, крестьянская и рабочая. По рабочей курии к выборам допускались лишь те пролетарии, которые были заняты на предприятиях с числом работающих не менее 50.

Выборы были не всеобщими (исключались женщины, молодежь до 25 лет, военнослужащие, ряд национальных меньшинств), не равными (один выборщик приходился в землевладельческой курии на 2 тысячи избирателей, в городской - на 4 тысячи, в крестьянской - на 30, в рабочей - на 90 тысяч), не прямыми - двухстепенными, а для рабочих и крестьян трех - и четырехстепенными.

Самой многочисленной фракцией были кадеты - 179 депутатов . Октябристы - 16 депутатов, социал-демократы - 18. От так называемых нацменьшинств было 63 представителя, беспартийных - 105. Фракция аграрной трудовой партии России, "трудовиков", насчитывала 97 депутатов.
Counting commission for the election of deputies of the State Duma. 1910's.
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321 Media in collectionpage 1 of 4

Meeting of the State Council at the Mariinsky Palace. 1908

Meeting of the State Council at the Mariinsky Palace. 1908 During 1906–1917, the status of the State Council was defined by the Russian Constitution of 1906. Its chairman was appointed by the Tsar. Half of its... more

First Duma gathered in Terioks, 1906

Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly after the adoption of the Vyborg proclamation. The meeting was held on July 14 (27), 1906. The Trudovik deputies proposed the creati... more

First Duma gathered in Terioks, 1906

Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly after the adoption of the Vyborg proclamation. The meeting was held on July 14 (27), 1906. The Trudovik deputies proposed the creati... more

First Duma gathered in Terioks, 1906

Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly after the adoption of the Vyborg proclamation. The meeting was held on July 14 (27), 1906. The Trudovik deputies proposed the creati... more

First Duma gathered in Terioks, 1906

Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly after the adoption of the Vyborg proclamation. The meeting was held on July 14 (27), 1906. The Trudovik deputies proposed the creati... more

First Duma gathered in Terioks, 1906

Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly after the adoption of the Vyborg proclamation. The meeting was held on July 14 (27), 1906. The Trudovik deputies proposed the creati... more

First Duma gathered in Terioks, 1906

Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly after the adoption of the Vyborg proclamation. The meeting was held on July 14 (27), 1906. The Trudovik deputies proposed the creati... more

First Duma gathered in Terioks, 1906

Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly after the adoption of the Vyborg proclamation. The meeting was held on July 14 (27), 1906. The Trudovik deputies proposed the creati... more

First Duma gathered in Terioks, 1906

Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly after the adoption of the Vyborg proclamation. The meeting was held on July 14 (27), 1906. The Trudovik deputies proposed the creati... more

First Duma gathered in Terioks, 1906

Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly after the adoption of the Vyborg proclamation. The meeting was held on July 14 (27), 1906. The Trudovik deputies proposed the creati... more

First Duma gathered in Terioks, 1906

Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly after the adoption of the Vyborg proclamation. The meeting was held on July 14 (27), 1906. The Trudovik deputies proposed the creati... more

First Duma gathered in Terioks, 1906

Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly after the adoption of the Vyborg proclamation. The meeting was held on July 14 (27), 1906. The Trudovik deputies proposed the creati... more

Deputies of the First State Duma, sentenced to 3 months in prison for signing the Vyborg proclamation, at the gates of the prison.

Deputies of the First State Duma, sentenced to 3 months in prison for signing the Vyborg proclamation, at the gates of the prison. Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly a... more

First Duma gathered in Terioks, 1906

Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly after the adoption of the Vyborg proclamation. The meeting was held on July 14 (27), 1906. The Trudovik deputies proposed the creati... more

First Duma gathered in Terioks, 1906

Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly after the adoption of the Vyborg proclamation. The meeting was held on July 14 (27), 1906. The Trudovik deputies proposed the creati... more

First Duma gathered in Terioks, 1906

Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly after the adoption of the Vyborg proclamation. The meeting was held on July 14 (27), 1906. The Trudovik deputies proposed the creati... more

First Duma gathered in Terioks, 1906

Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly after the adoption of the Vyborg proclamation. The meeting was held on July 14 (27), 1906. The Trudovik deputies proposed the creati... more

Deputies of the First State Duma, sentenced to 3 months in prison for signing the Vyborg proclamation, at the gates of the prison.

Deputies of the First State Duma, sentenced to 3 months in prison for signing the Vyborg proclamation, at the gates of the prison. Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly a... more

Deputies of the First State Duma, sentenced to 3 months in prison for signing the Vyborg proclamation, at the gates of the prison.

Deputies of the First State Duma, sentenced to 3 months in prison for signing the Vyborg proclamation, at the gates of the prison. Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly a... more

Deputies of the First State Duma, sentenced to 3 months in prison for signing the Vyborg proclamation, at the gates of the prison.

Deputies of the First State Duma, sentenced to 3 months in prison for signing the Vyborg proclamation, at the gates of the prison. Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly a... more

Deputies of the First State Duma, sentenced to 3 months in prison for signing the Vyborg proclamation, at the gates of the prison.

Deputies of the First State Duma, sentenced to 3 months in prison for signing the Vyborg proclamation, at the gates of the prison. Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly a... more

Deputies of the First State Duma, sentenced to 3 months in prison for signing the Vyborg proclamation, at the gates of the prison.

Deputies of the First State Duma, sentenced to 3 months in prison for signing the Vyborg proclamation, at the gates of the prison. Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly a... more

Deputies of the First State Duma, sentenced to 3 months in prison for signing the Vyborg proclamation, at the gates of the prison.

Deputies of the First State Duma, sentenced to 3 months in prison for signing the Vyborg proclamation, at the gates of the prison. Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly a... more

Deputies of the First State Duma, sentenced to 3 months in prison for signing the Vyborg proclamation, at the gates of the prison.

Deputies of the First State Duma, sentenced to 3 months in prison for signing the Vyborg proclamation, at the gates of the prison. Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly a... more

Deputies of the First State Duma, sentenced to 3 months in prison for signing the Vyborg proclamation, at the gates of the prison.

Deputies of the First State Duma, sentenced to 3 months in prison for signing the Vyborg proclamation, at the gates of the prison. Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly a... more

Deputies of the First State Duma, sentenced to 3 months in prison for signing the Vyborg proclamation, at the gates of the prison.

Deputies of the First State Duma, sentenced to 3 months in prison for signing the Vyborg proclamation, at the gates of the prison. Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly a... more

Deputies of the First State Duma, sentenced to 3 months in prison for signing the Vyborg proclamation, at the gates of the prison.

Deputies of the First State Duma, sentenced to 3 months in prison for signing the Vyborg proclamation, at the gates of the prison. Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly a... more

Deputies of the First State Duma, sentenced to 3 months in prison for signing the Vyborg proclamation, at the gates of the prison.

Deputies of the First State Duma, sentenced to 3 months in prison for signing the Vyborg proclamation, at the gates of the prison. Deputies (Cadets and Trudoviks) of the First Duma gathered in Terioks shortly a... more

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906.

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906. Legislative elections were held in the Russian Empire from 26 March 1906 till 20 April. At stake were the 478 seats in the State Duma of the Russian Empire, the... more

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906.

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906. Legislative elections were held in the Russian Empire from 26 March 1906 till 20 April. At stake were the 478 seats in the State Duma of the Russian Empire, the... more

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906.

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906. Legislative elections were held in the Russian Empire from 26 March 1906 till 20 April. At stake were the 478 seats in the State Duma of the Russian Empire, the... more

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906.

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906. Legislative elections were held in the Russian Empire from 26 March 1906 till 20 April. At stake were the 478 seats in the State Duma of the Russian Empire, the... more

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906.

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906. Legislative elections were held in the Russian Empire from 26 March 1906 till 20 April. At stake were the 478 seats in the State Duma of the Russian Empire, the... more

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906.

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906. Legislative elections were held in the Russian Empire from 26 March 1906 till 20 April. At stake were the 478 seats in the State Duma of the Russian Empire, the... more

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906.

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906. Legislative elections were held in the Russian Empire from 26 March 1906 till 20 April. At stake were the 478 seats in the State Duma of the Russian Empire, the... more

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906.

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906. Legislative elections were held in the Russian Empire from 26 March 1906 till 20 April. At stake were the 478 seats in the State Duma of the Russian Empire, the... more

Elections to the State Duma in Krasnoyarsk, 1906.

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Counting commission for the election of deputies of the State Duma.

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Deputies of the First State Duma in Duma building

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A group of deputies of the State Duma

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Members of the I-st State Duma from left to right - Kirilenko, Gotovchits, Krutkin, Filonenko.

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The building of the State Duma of The Russian Empire

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The building of the State Duma of The Russian Empire

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The building of the State Duma of The Russian Empire

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The building of the State Duma of The Russian Empire

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Main Rotunda, the State Duma of The Russian Empire

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Main Rotunda, the State Duma of The Russian Empire

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Assembly seats. State Duma

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Assembly hall. State Duma (Tavrichesky Palace). Saint Petersburg.

Assembly hall. State Duma (Tavrichesky Palace). Saint Petersburg. Зал собраний депутатов. Государственная Дума (Таврический Дворец). Санкт Петербург.

Assembly hall. State Duma (Tavrichesky Palace). Saint Petersburg.

Assembly hall. State Duma (Tavrichesky Palace). Saint Petersburg. Зал собраний депутатов. Государственная Дума (Таврический Дворец). Санкт Петербург.

Members of the First State Duma VD Nabokov and AF Aladin.

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Assembly hall. State Duma (Tavrichesky Palace). Saint Petersburg.

Assembly hall. State Duma (Tavrichesky Palace). Saint Petersburg. Зал собраний депутатов. Государственная Дума (Таврический Дворец). Санкт Петербург.

Assembly hall. State Duma (Tavrichesky Palace). Saint Petersburg.

Assembly hall. State Duma (Tavrichesky Palace). Saint Petersburg. Зал собраний депутатов. Государственная Дума (Таврический Дворец). Санкт Петербург.

Solemn opening of the State Duma and the State Council. Winter Palace. April 27, 1906.

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The Social Democratic faction of the First State Duma.

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Labor Group I of the State Duma.

Labor Group I of the State Duma. Трудовая группа I Государственной думы.

Muromtsev Sergey Andreevich - Chairman of the First State Duma.

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Dolgorukov, Gredeskul, Deputies of the First State Duma. Долгоруков, Гредескул, Депутаты I Государственной думы.

Kareyev. Petrazhitsky. Nabokov. Rodichev. Herzenstein. Deputies of the First State Duma.

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Romanov Empire - Империя Романовых

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