Romanov Empire - Империя Романовых
Romanov Empire - Империя Романовых

Historical Society - Историческое Общество

Санкт-Петербург, Россия

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Alexandrov - Александров

The settlement has been known since the middle of the 14th century. The proximity of the settlement to Moscow, the Trinity-Sergius Lavra and Pereslavl-Zalessky made it in the 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. Since the time of Ivan III in the property of the kings. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built.

Until 1581, Sloboda was the main political and cultural center of the Russian state, the center of oprichnina. Here the king and his family were in the time of the plague that swept Moscow in 1568. In 1569, the first printing house in Russia was brought here from Moscow. In 1571 there was a royal review of two thousand brides, of which Ivan the Terrible chose Marf Sobakin as his wife. In 1581, the Tsarevich Ivan died or was killed in the Aleksandrovsky Sloboda. After the death of his son, Ivan IV left the settlement forever.

In 1635, a wooden palace was built, which lasted about 100 years. Under Aleksei Mikhailovich, the female Holy Assumption Monastery is being organized on the site of the desolate fortress.

In 1778, by Catherine the Great, settlement was transformed into a county town of Alexandrov Vladimiro-Kostroma governorship. In 1781, Alexandrov was awarded a coat of arms, in 1788 approved the first regular plan of the city, which was the basis for subsequent buildings. Since 1796, Alexandrov - the county town of the Vladimir province.

In the beginning of the XIX century in Alexandrov and Aleksandrovsky uyezd the cotton-paper industry, weaving manufactories: Troitsko-Aleksandrovskaya and Sokolovskaya, became widespread.

In 1870, a railway passed through the city, linking Alexandrov with Moscow and Yaroslavl, and in 1896 a railway was built to Ivanovo-Voznesensk and Kineshma. In 1903 the railway station was built. In 1905, there was an armed uprising of workers of local factories in Aleksandrov, lasting 5 days - the Aleksandrovskaya Republic.


Поселение известно с середины XIV века. Близость слободы к Москве, Троице-Сергиевой лавре и Переславлю-Залесскому сделало её в XV веке местом отдыха московских князей. Со времён Ивана III в собственности царей. В 1509—1515 годах выстроен большой комплекс резиденции князя.

До 1581 года слобода являлась главным политическим и культурным центром Русского государства, центром опричнины. Здесь царь и его семья находились во время чумы, охватившей Москву в 1568 году. В 1569 году сюда из Москвы была перевезена первая в России типография. В 1571 году здесь проходил царский смотр двух тысяч невест, из которых Иван Грозный выбрал в жёны Марфу Собакину. В 1581 году в Александровской слободе умер или был убит отцом царевич Иван. После смерти сына Иван IV покинул слободу навсегда.

Около 1635 года для Михаила Фёдоровича Романова был построен деревянный царский дворец, просуществовавший около 100 лет. При Алексее Михайловиче на месте запустевшей крепости организуется женский Свято-Успенский монастырь.

1 сентября 1778 года указом Екатерины Великой слобода была преобразована в уездный город Александров Владимиро-Костромского наместничества. В 1781 году Александрову был жалован герб, в 1788-м утверждён первый регулярный план города, который лёг в основу последующих застроек. С 1796 года Александров — уездный город Владимирской губернии.

В начале XIX века в Александрове и Александровском уезде получает распространение хлопчато-бумажный промысел, ткацкие мануфактуры: Троицко-Александровская и Соколовская.

В 1870 году через город прошла железная дорога, связавшая Александров с Москвой и Ярославлем, а в 1896 году была построена железная дорога до Иваново-Вознесенска и Кинешмы. В 1903 году было построено здание железнодорожного вокзала.

В 1905 году в Александрове имело место вооружённое восстание рабочих местных фабрик, длившееся 5 дней - Александровская республика.
Assumption Monastery. Alexandrov.
57 Media in collectionpage 1 of 1

Alexandrov Cathedral

Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built. Was the main politica... more

Bridge over the Gray River. Alexandrov

Bridge over the Gray River Мост через реку Серая

Alexandrov, the view of the monastery from the women's gymnasium.

Alexandrov, the view of the monastery from the women's gymnasium. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large... more

Alexandrov, Gray River view

Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built. Was the main politica... more

Alexandrov, Market

Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built. Was the main politica... more

Alexandrov, Train Station

Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built. Was the main politica... more

Yard near the house of merchant Pervushin. Alexandrov

Yard near the house of merchant Pervushin Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's ... more

Alexandrov Railroad bridge.

Railroad bridge. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built. Was ... more

Alexandrov train station

Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built. Was the main politica... more

Alexandrov Female gymnasium

Female gymnasium Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built. Was ... more

Female gymnasium - Alexandrov

Female gymnasium Женская гимназия

Alexandrov, The bell tower of the monastery.

Pokrovsky Cathedral in the Assumption Monastery. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the pr... more

The carriage-house in the courtyard of the merchant's house Pervushin, Alexandrov

The carriage-house in the courtyard of the merchant's house Pervushin Каретный сарай во дворе дома купца Первушина

Alexandrov: view from the Holy Gate of the monastery.

Alexandrov: view from the Holy Gate of the monastery. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of t... more

Alexandrov Zemstvo council.

Town council. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built. Was the... more

Alexandrov, Forges

Forges. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built. Was the main ... more

The bridge over the river Seruya. Alexandrov

The bridge over the river Seruy. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residenc... more

Millionnaya street. Alexandrov

Millionnaya street. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built. W... more

Alexandrov

Pokrovsky Cathedral in the Assumption Monastery. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the pr... more

Male gymnasium. Alexandrov

Male gymnasium. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built. Was t... more

Karabanovo, Factory, Alexandrov

Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built. Was the main politica... more

Postcard from Alexandrov

Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built. Was the main politica... more

Alexandrov - Karabanovskaya factory school.

Karabanovskaya factory school. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence w... more

Lake Likousha. Alexandrov

Lake Likousha. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built. Was th... more

Alexandrov - Grove of Lycoucha.

Grove of Lycoucha. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built. Wa... more

Alexandrov. Sadovaya street and post office.

Sadovaya street and post office. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence... more

Nativity Cathedral. Alexandrov

Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built. Was the main politica... more

Nativity Cathedral. Alexandrov.

Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built. Was the main politica... more

Alexandrov. Staro Konjushennaya street (Military).

Staro Konjushennaya street (Military). Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's res... more

Alexandrov Railway Station

Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built. Was the main politica... more

Alexandrov - Pokrovsky Cathedral in the Assumption Monastery.

Pokrovsky Cathedral in the Assumption Monastery. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the pr... more

Streletskiy Bridge - Alexandrov

Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built. Was the main politica... more

Pokrovsky Cathedral in the Assumption Monastery. Alexandrov

Pokrovsky Cathedral in the Assumption Monastery. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the pr... more

On the shore of Lake Likousha. Alexandrov

On the shore of Lake Likousha. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence w... more

Uspensky nunnery. Alexandrov

Uspensky nunnery. Pokrovsky Cathedral in the Assumption Monastery. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large... more

Alexandrov fire fighters squad.

Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built. Was the main politica... more

Alexandrov Shopping Rows.

Shopping Rows. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built. Was th... more

Nativity Cathedral. Alexandrov

Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built. Was the main politica... more

Alexandrovsky Uspensky Convent. Church of the Assumption. Alexandrov

Alexandrovsky Uspensky Convent. Church of the Assumption. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex ... more

Alexandrov. Bread row. Red side.

Bread row. Red side. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built.... more

Nativity Cathedral. Alexandrov

Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residence was built. Was the main politica... more

Assumption Monastery. Alexandrov.

Assumption Monastery. Alexandrov. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the prince's residenc... more

Alexandrov - Pokrovsky Cathedral in the Assumption Monastery.

Pokrovsky Cathedral in the Assumption Monastery. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large complex of the pr... more

The censer. The gift of Tsar Mikhail Feodorovich to the Trinity Uspensky Monastery - Alexandrov

The censer. The gift of Tsar Mikhail Feodorovich to the Trinity Uspensky Monastery Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1... more

Crosses. Gift of Theodore, Cyril and Natalia Naryshkin. Uspensky Monastery

Crosses. Gift of Theodore, Cyril and Natalia Naryshkin. Uspensky Monastery Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-151... more

Own belongings of Princess Margarita. Uspensky Monastery, Alexandrov

Own belongings of Princess Margarita. Uspensky Monastery Собственные вещи царевны Маргариты. Успенский монастырь

Trinity Cathedral in the Assumption Monastery - Alexandrov

Trinity Cathedral in the Assumption Monastery Троицкий собор в Успенском монастыре

Stikherry. Alexandrov

Stikherry, sewn by the princesses of Peter's sisters. Assumption Monastery. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-151... more

Vessels. The gift of Princess Maria Alekseevna. Assumption Monastery. Alexandrov

Vessels. The gift of Princess Maria Alekseevna. Assumption Monastery. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a la... more

Stikherry, sewn by the princesses. Assumption Monastery. Alexandrov

Stikherry, sewn by the princesses of Peter's sisters. Assumption Monastery. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-151... more

Alexandrovsky Uspensky Convent. Enrtance - Alexandrov

Alexandrovsky Uspensky Convent. Enrtance Святые Ворота в Успенском монастыре

Stikherry, by the princesses of Peter's sisters.

Stikherry, sewn by the princesses of Peter's sisters. Assumption Monastery. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-151... more

Stikherry, by the princesses of Peter's sisters

Stikherry, sewn by the princesses of Peter's sisters. Assumption Monastery. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-151... more

Wall tower of the Assumption Monastery. Alexandrov.

Wall tower of the Assumption Monastery. Alexandrov. Стенная башня Успенского монастыря. Александров.

The Gospel of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich and the vessels of Tsar Mikhail Fedorovich. Assumption Monastery. Alexandrov

The Gospel of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich and the vessels of Tsar Mikhail Fedorovich. Assumption Monastery. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for th... more

Stikherry. Assumption Monastery. Alexandrov

Stikherry, sewn by the princesses of Peter's sisters. Assumption Monastery. Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-151... more

Gospel of Nurse Tsarevene Nuns of Barsanofia. Uspensky Monastery - Alexandrov

Gospel of Nurse Tsarevene Nuns of Barsanofia. Uspensky Monastery Alexandrov has been known since the middle of the 14th century. Since 15th century a place of rest for the Moscow princes. In 1509-1515 a large c... more

Romanov Empire - Империя Романовых

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