Abandoned Russian Fortifications of Brest-Litovsk, 1915
On August 4th, 2015, Warsaw, the capital of Russian Poland, surrendered to Germans without a fight. Fortresses at Kovno and Brest-Litovsk, among several others, capitulated. By September 18th when the fortress at Vilna surrenders to German forces the rout was complete. The German and Austro-Hungarian forces had pushed the Eastern Front 500 kilometers (310 miles) back. This unprecedented outcome became known as the Great Retreat to the Russians. They had suffered 500,000 casualties and nearly a million had been captured. Paradoxically, the retreat in many ways strengthened their overall Russian strategic position. The German and Austro-Hungarian supply lines became stretched beyond limits.
Romanov Empire - Империя Романовых
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